Aliases for THOC3 Gene
External Ids for THOC3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for THOC3 Gene
This gene encodes a component of the nuclear THO transcription elongation complex, which is part of the larger transcription export (TREX) complex that couples messenger RNA processing and export. In humans, the transcription export complex is recruited to the 5'-end of messenger RNAs in a splicing- and cap-dependent manner. Studies of a related complex in mouse suggest that the metazoan transcription export complex is involved in cell differentiation and development. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
GeneCards Summary for THOC3 Gene
THOC3 (THO Complex 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Transport of Mature Transcript to Cytoplasm. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for THOC3 Gene
Required for efficient export of polyadenylated RNA and spliced mRNA. Acts as component of the THO subcomplex of the TREX complex which is thought to couple mRNA transcription, processing and nuclear export, and which specifically associates with spliced mRNA and not with unspliced pre-mRNA. TREX is recruited to spliced mRNAs by a transcription-independent mechanism, binds to mRNA upstream of the exon-junction complex (EJC) and is recruited in a splicing- and cap-dependent manner to a region near the 5' end of the mRNA where it functions in mRNA export to the cytoplasm via the TAP/NFX1 pathway. The TREX complex is essential for the export of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) intronless mRNAs and infectious virus production.