Aliases for TGFB3 Gene
External Ids for TGFB3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for TGFB3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TGFB3 Gene
This gene encodes a secreted ligand of the TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) superfamily of proteins. Ligands of this family bind various TGF-beta receptors leading to recruitment and activation of SMAD family transcription factors that regulate gene expression. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate a latency-associated peptide (LAP) and a mature peptide, and is found in either a latent form composed of a mature peptide homodimer, a LAP homodimer, and a latent TGF-beta binding protein, or in an active form consisting solely of the mature peptide homodimer. The mature peptide may also form heterodimers with other TGF-beta family members. This protein is involved in embryogenesis and cell differentiation, and may play a role in wound healing. Mutations in this gene are a cause of aortic aneurysms and dissections, as well as familial arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 1. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]
GeneCards Summary for TGFB3 Gene
TGFB3 (Transforming Growth Factor Beta 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TGFB3 include Loeys-Dietz Syndrome 5 and Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia, Familial, 1. Among its related pathways are Th1 Differentiation Pathway and ERK Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and cytokine activity. An important paralog of this gene is TGFB2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for TGFB3 Gene
Transforming growth factor beta-3 proprotein: Precursor of the Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chains, which constitute the regulatory and active subunit of TGF-beta-3, respectively.
[Latency-associated peptide]: Required to maintain the Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chain in a latent state during storage in extracellular matrix (By similarity). Associates non-covalently with TGF-beta-3 and regulates its activation via interaction with 'milieu molecules', such as LTBP1 and LRRC32/GARP, that control activation of TGF-beta-3 (By similarity). Interaction with integrins results in distortion of the Latency-associated peptide chain and subsequent release of the active TGF-beta-3 (By similarity).
Transforming growth factor beta-3: Multifunctional protein that regulates embryogenesis and cell differentiation and is required in various processes such as secondary palate development (By similarity). Activation into mature form follows different steps: following cleavage of the proprotein in the Golgi apparatus, Latency-associated peptide (LAP) and Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGF-beta-3) chains remain non-covalently linked rendering TGF-beta-3 inactive during storage in extracellular matrix (By similarity). At the same time, LAP chain interacts with 'milieu molecules', such as LTBP1 and LRRC32/GARP that control activation of TGF-beta-3 and maintain it in a latent state during storage in extracellular milieus (By similarity). TGF-beta-3 is released from LAP by integrins: integrin-binding results in distortion of the LAP chain and subsequent release of the active TGF-beta-3 (By similarity). Once activated following release of LAP, TGF-beta-3 acts by binding to TGF-beta receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2), which transduce signal (By similarity).