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Aliases for TDH Gene

Aliases for TDH Gene

  • L-Threonine Dehydrogenase (Pseudogene) 2 3 5
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 14E, Member 1 (Pseudogene) 2 3
  • SDR14E1P 3 4
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 14E Member 1 Pseudogene 4
  • L-Threonine Dehydrogenase 2

External Ids for TDH Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TDH Gene

  • GC00U990976
  • GC08P011076
  • GC08P011242
  • GC08P011234
  • GC08P011198
  • GC08P010127

Summaries for TDH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TDH Gene

  • This gene appears to be an evolving pseudogene of L-threonine 3-dehydrogenase (TDH). In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, TDH catalyzes the first of two steps in one of two L-threonine degradation pathways. However, in human, the single gene with sequence similarity to TDH is not capable of encoding a functional TDH protein; the predicted protein lacks most of the C-terminus and parts of the NAD+ binding motif when compared to other species' TDH proteins. This suggests that the human gene is therefore a pseudogene. Transcripts of this gene are found in all tissues and alternatively spliced transcripts have been described. It is not known if these transcripts are translated, or if the possible protein product provides any functional role. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for TDH Gene

TDH (L-Threonine Dehydrogenase (Pseudogene)) is a Pseudogene. Diseases associated with TDH include L-Threonine Dehydrogenase, Pseudogene and Keratolytic Winter Erythema. Among its related pathways are Viral mRNA Translation and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include coenzyme binding.

Additional gene information for TDH Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TDH Gene

Genomics for TDH Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TDH Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TDH Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH08I011416 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 +78.1 78101 2.3 HDGF PKNOX1 KLF5 ATF7 ETV6 IKZF2 RUNX3 SMARCA5 CBFB ELF1 FAM167A BLK LOC105379241 FAM167A-AS1 LOC100129129 TDH ENSG00000255310 ENSG00000255518 ALG1L11P PIR51526
GH08I011415 Enhancer 0.4 dbSUPER 10.4 +75.9 75883 0.6 ZNF629 KLF17 ATF2 FAM167A BLK LOC105379241 FAM167A-AS1 LOC100129129 TDH ENSG00000255310 PIR51526 RNU6-1084P GC08M011394
GH08I011346 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +8.1 8138 1.6 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT SIN3A ZNF2 ZNF121 GLIS2 KLF7 SP3 YY2 LOC100129129 GC08M011348 PIR57427 TDH FAM167A-AS1
GH08I011361 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 0.3 +22.0 22002 1.2 FOXA2 CEBPG FOSL2 ZNF600 FOS SMARCE1 FOXA3 CEBPB ELF1 MNT LOC100129129 SLC35G5 RNU6-1084P FAM167A ENSG00000269918 FAM167A-AS1 TDH
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TDH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TDH gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for TDH Gene

Genomic Locations for TDH Gene
28,816 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TDH Gene

Genes around TDH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TDH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TDH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TDH Gene

Proteins for TDH Gene

  • Protein details for TDH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Inactive L-threonine 3-dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8IZJ5
    • Q96LV6

    Protein attributes for TDH Gene

    230 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25407 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for TDH Gene


neXtProt entry for TDH Gene

Post-translational modifications for TDH Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TDH Gene

Domains & Families for TDH Gene

Protein Domains for TDH Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TDH Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the NAD(P)-dependent epimerase/dehydratase family.
  • Belongs to the NAD(P)-dependent epimerase/dehydratase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TDH: view

Function for TDH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0050662 coenzyme binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TDH: view

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TDH Gene

Localization for TDH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TDH Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TDH: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TDH Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TDH: view

Pathways by source for TDH Gene

Interacting Proteins for TDH Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q8IZJ6-TDH_HUMAN for TDH Gene via IID

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0019518 L-threonine catabolic process to glycine TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TDH: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TDH Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TDH Gene

(3) Drugs for TDH Gene - From: ApexBio and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Qc 1 Pharma 0

(2) Additional Compounds for TDH Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(1) ApexBio Compounds for TDH Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Qc 1 403718-45-6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TDH: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for TDH Gene

Unigene Clusters for TDH Gene

L-threonine dehydrogenase:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TDH Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^ 13
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for TDH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TDH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TDH Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreas (x19.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (49.0) and Ovary (20.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for TDH Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TDH Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TDH Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TDH Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TDH Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in all tissues examined. Detected in most cell types examined, but not observed in endothelial cells, glioma cell lines and some leukemia cell lines.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TDH: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TDH Gene

Orthologs for TDH Gene

Evolution for TDH Gene

Gene Tree for TDH (if available)
Gene Tree for TDH (if available)

No data available for Orthologs for TDH Gene

Paralogs for TDH Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TDH Gene

Variants for TDH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TDH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000014675 -- 11,366,859(+) C/G intron_variant
rs1000020018 -- 11,367,126(+) A/G intron_variant
rs1000027027 -- 11,362,776(+) G/C intron_variant
rs1000055301 -- 11,351,771(+) C/G intron_variant
rs1000058857 -- 11,340,086(+) G/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TDH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3891339 CNV loss 25118596
nsv1033312 CNV loss 25217958
nsv831233 CNV gain 17160897
esv3616246 CNV loss 21293372
esv3616245 CNV loss 21293372
esv3616244 CNV loss 21293372
esv3616243 CNV loss 21293372
esv3438686 CNV insertion 20981092
esv34097 CNV loss 18971310
esv3383193 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3308975 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3305273 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv2661653 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2658364 CNV deletion 23128226

Additional Variant Information for TDH Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Variation tolerance for TDH Gene

Disorders for TDH Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for TDH Gene - From: OMIM and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TDH in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TDH: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TDH Gene

Publications for TDH Gene

  1. The human L-threonine 3-dehydrogenase gene is an expressed pseudogene. (PMID: 12361482) Edgar AJ (BMC genetics 2002) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. The SDR (short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase and related enzymes) nomenclature initiative. (PMID: 19027726) Persson B … Oppermann U (Chemico-biological interactions 2009) 2 3 58
  3. Physical and transcriptional map of the critical region for keratolytic winter erythema (KWE) on chromosome 8p22-p23 between D8S550 and D8S1759. (PMID: 11896452) Appel S … Rosenthal A (European journal of human genetics : EJHG 2002) 2 3 58
  4. [Etiologic and molecular characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from diarrheal patients in Shenzhen, in 2007 - 2008]. (PMID: 20302699) Wang Y … Yang ZR (Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 2010) 22 58
  5. [Type III secretion system of Vibrio parahaemolyticus--a review]. (PMID: 19873746) Yu Y … Fang W (Wei sheng wu xue bao = Acta microbiologica Sinica 2009) 22 58

Products for TDH Gene

Sources for TDH Gene

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