Aliases for TAS2R43 Gene
External Ids for TAS2R43 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TAS2R43 Gene
TAS2R43 belongs to the large TAS2R receptor family. TAS2Rs are expressed on the surface of taste receptor cells and mediate the perception of bitterness through a G protein-coupled second messenger pathway (Conte et al., 2002 [PubMed 12584440]). For further information on TAS2Rs, see MIM 604791.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2009]
GeneCards Summary for TAS2R43 Gene
TAS2R43 (Taste 2 Receptor Member 43) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TAS2R43 include Danubian Endemic Familial Nephropathy. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Taste transduction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and taste receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is TAS2R31.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAS2R43 Gene
Gustducin-coupled receptor immplicated in the perception of bitter compounds in the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract. Signals through PLCB2 and the calcium-regulated cation channel TRPM5. Activated by the sulfonyl amide sweeteners saccharin and acesulfame K. In airway epithelial cells, binding of bitter compounds increases the intracellular calcium ion concentration and stimulates ciliary beat frequency. May act as chemosensory receptors in airway epithelial cells to detect and eliminate potential noxious agents from the airways (By similarity).