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Aliases for TAC1 Gene

Aliases for TAC1 Gene

  • Tachykinin Precursor 1 2 3 5
  • Tachykinin, Precursor 1 (Substance K, Substance P, Neurokinin 1, Neurokinin 2, Neuromedin L, Neurokinin Alpha, Neuropeptide K, Neuropeptide Gamma) 2 3
  • Neuropeptide Gamma 2 3
  • Neurokinin Alpha 2 3
  • Preprotachykinin 2 3
  • Neuropeptide K 2 3
  • Protachykinin 2 3
  • Neurokinin 1 2 3
  • Neurokinin 2 2 3
  • Neuromedin L 2 3
  • Substance K 2 3
  • Substance P 2 3
  • NKNA 3 4
  • TAC2 3 4
  • PPT 3 4
  • Protachykinin-1 3
  • Neurokinin A 3
  • Tachykinin 2 3
  • Hs.2563 3
  • NK2 3
  • NPK 3
  • NKA 4

External Ids for TAC1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TAC1 Gene

  • TAC2
  • NKNA

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TAC1 Gene

  • GC07P095896
  • GC07P096959
  • GC07P096973
  • GC07P097006
  • GC07P097199
  • GC07P097361
  • GC07P091962

Summaries for TAC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TAC1 Gene

  • This gene encodes four products of the tachykinin peptide hormone family, substance P and neurokinin A, as well as the related peptides, neuropeptide K and neuropeptide gamma. These hormones are thought to function as neurotransmitters which interact with nerve receptors and smooth muscle cells. They are known to induce behavioral responses and function as vasodilators and secretagogues. Substance P is an antimicrobial peptide with antibacterial and antifungal properties. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for TAC1 Gene

TAC1 (Tachykinin Precursor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TAC1 include Bronchitis and Neurotrophic Keratopathy. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Neuropathic Pain-Signaling in Dorsal Horn Neurons. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include substance P receptor binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAC1 Gene

  • Tachykinins are active peptides which excite neurons, evoke behavioral responses, are potent vasodilators and secretagogues, and contract (directly or indirectly) many smooth muscles.

Tocris Summary for TAC1 Gene

  • The tachykinin peptides constitute one of the largest peptide families. To date, more than 40 tachykinins have been identified from invertebrate and vertebrate species. In mammals, three prototypical tachykinins have been isolated from neuronal tissue: substance P, neurokinin A and neurokinin B. Recently hemokinin-1 has been isolated from murine blood cells and identified as a new endogenous tachykinin. Three main tachykinin receptor types have been identified: NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors.

Gene Wiki entry for TAC1 Gene

Additional gene information for TAC1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TAC1 Gene

Genomics for TAC1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TAC1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TAC1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07I097732 Promoter 1.1 EPDnew 550.8 +0.2 159 0.1 INSM2 ZNF76 ZNF2 ZNF335 GLIS2 ZNF366 ZNF391 EGR2 USF2 TSHZ1 TAC1 GC07M097768
GH07I097731 Promoter 1.1 EPDnew 550.8 0.0 -17 0.1 INSM2 ZNF2 ZNF335 ZNF366 ZNF350 ZNF391 FOS KLF13 EGR2 USF2 TAC1 GC07M097603 RN7SKP104
GH07I097733 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 550.8 +1.6 1586 0 ZNF335 ZNF202 MAZ GLIS2 SUZ12 SP2 ZBTB26 EZH2 TAC1 RPS3AP26 GC07M097768
GH07I097313 Enhancer 0.2 ENCODE 5.8 -417.9 -417884 0.2 TAC1 LOC105375416 RPL7AP40
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TAC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TAC1 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for TAC1 Gene

Genomic Locations for TAC1 Gene
8,565 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TAC1 Gene

Genes around TAC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TAC1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TAC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TAC1 Gene

Proteins for TAC1 Gene

  • Protein details for TAC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O60600
    • O60601
    • Q00072
    • Q53GH4
    • Q549V0
    • Q549V1
    • Q549V2
    • Q6FHM1

    Protein attributes for TAC1 Gene

    129 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15003 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TAC1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TAC1 Gene


neXtProt entry for TAC1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TAC1 Gene

  • The substance P form is cleaved at Pro-59 by the prolyl endopeptidase FAP (seprase) activity (in vitro).

Other Protein References for TAC1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TAC1 Gene

Domains & Families for TAC1 Gene

Gene Families for TAC1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for TAC1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TAC1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the tachykinin family.
  • Belongs to the tachykinin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TAC1: view

Function for TAC1 Gene

Molecular function for TAC1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
tachykinin 1,neurokinin A (substance K) and substance P precursor gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Tachykinins are active peptides which excite neurons, evoke behavioral responses, are potent vasodilators and secretagogues, and contract (directly or indirectly) many smooth muscles.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TAC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TAC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005102 receptor binding IBA --
GO:0031835 substance P receptor binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TAC1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TAC1: view

Animal Models for TAC1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TAC1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TAC1 Gene

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for TAC1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TAC1 Gene

Localization for TAC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAC1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TAC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 4
nucleus 3
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
cytosol 2
endosome 2
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TAC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA,TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0030424 axon IEA --
GO:0043025 neuronal cell body IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TAC1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TAC1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TAC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TAC1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for TAC1 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TAC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002675 positive regulation of acute inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IBA --
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0007204 positive regulation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration IDA 8957234
GO:0007217 tachykinin receptor signaling pathway IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TAC1: view

Drugs & Compounds for TAC1 Gene

(113) Drugs for TAC1 Gene - From: ApexBio, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Fosaprepitant Approved Pharma Neurokinin-1 antagonist 160
Substance P Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 256
Antagonist G Pharma 0
Eledoisin-Related Peptide Pharma 0
Fosaprepitant dimeglumine salt Pharma Neurokinin-1 antagonist 0

(47) Additional Compounds for TAC1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(5) Tocris Compounds for TAC1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[bAla8]-Neurokinin A(4-10) NK2 agonist 122063-01-8
[Lys5,MeLeu9,Nle10]-NKA(4-10) Selective NK2 agonist 137565-28-7
GR 159897 Non-peptide, potent NK2 antagonist 158848-32-9
GR 64349 Potent, selective NK2 agonist 137593-52-3
MDL 29,913 Selective NK2 antagonist 135721-56-1

(8) ApexBio Compounds for TAC1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Antagonist G 115150-59-9
Eledoisin-Related Peptide 2990-43-4
Fosaprepitant Neurokinin-1 antagonist 172673-20-0
Fosaprepitant dimeglumine salt Neurokinin-1 antagonist 265121-04-8
Locustatachykinin I 126985-97-5
Neurokinin A (porcine) 86933-74-6
Neurokinin B (human, porcine) 86933-75-7
Substance P 33507-63-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TAC1: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for TAC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TAC1 Gene

Tachykinin, precursor 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for TAC1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TAC1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TAC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TAC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TAC1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TAC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x12.5), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x11.9), and Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x8.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TAC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal Brain (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TAC1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TAC1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TAC1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TAC1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TAC1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Intestine(4.7)
  • Blood(4.6)
  • Adrenal gland(4.5)
  • Muscle(3.1)
  • Lung(2.7)
  • Skin(2.7)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Stomach(2.5)
  • Eye(2.4)
  • Spleen(2.3)
  • Gall bladder(2.1)
  • Bone(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TAC1: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TAC1 Gene

Orthologs for TAC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TAC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TAC1 33 34
  • 99.48 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TAC1 33 34
  • 96.12 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tac1 33 16 34
  • 93.54 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TAC1 33 34
  • 93.28 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tac1 33
  • 93.02 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TAC1 34
  • 81 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TAC1 34
  • 42 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TAC1 33 34
  • 74.63 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TAC1 34
  • 69 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tac1 33
  • 71.07 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tac1 33 34
  • 62.76 (n)
Species where no ortholog for TAC1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TAC1 Gene

Gene Tree for TAC1 (if available)
Gene Tree for TAC1 (if available)

Paralogs for TAC1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TAC1 Gene

Variants for TAC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TAC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000216824 -- 97,731,858(+) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000337271 -- 97,739,857(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000397686 -- 97,740,191(+) A/G 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000479778 -- 97,739,965(+) G/A/T 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000672101 -- 97,732,053(+) G/A 5_prime_UTR_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TAC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv437559 CNV loss 16327808

Variation tolerance for TAC1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 40.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.23; 5.10% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TAC1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAC1 Gene

Disorders for TAC1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(64) MalaCards diseases for TAC1 Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • acute bronchitis
neurotrophic keratopathy
  • neurotrophic keratitis
complex regional pain syndrome
  • reflex sympathetic dystrophy
vasomotor rhinitis
  • rhinitis vasomotor
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TAC1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for TAC1

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TAC1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TAC1 Gene

Publications for TAC1 Gene

  1. Do motor control genes contribute to interindividual variability in decreased movement in patients with pain? (PMID: 17655760) Mishra BK … Max MB (Molecular pain 2007) 3 22 44 58
  2. Three-dimensional structure of neuropeptide k bound to dodecylphosphocholine micelles. (PMID: 16503654) Dike A … Cowsik SM (Biochemistry 2006) 3 4 22 58
  3. Tachykinin (substance-P) gene expression in Leydig cells of the human and mouse testis. (PMID: 1708336) Chiwakata C … Ivell R (Endocrinology 1991) 2 3 4 58
  4. Characterization of the C-terminal flanking peptide of human beta-preprotachykinin. (PMID: 2284201) McGregor GP … Conlon JM (Peptides 1990) 3 4 22 58
  5. Interleukin-9 polymorphism in infants with respiratory syncytial virus infection: an opposite effect in boys and girls. (PMID: 20503287) Schuurhof A … Janssen R (Pediatric pulmonology 2010) 3 44 58

Products for TAC1 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for TAC1

Sources for TAC1 Gene

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