Aliases for SFTPC Gene
External Ids for SFTPC Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SFTPC Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SFTPC Gene
This gene encodes the pulmonary-associated surfactant protein C (SPC), an extremely hydrophobic surfactant protein essential for lung function and homeostasis after birth. Pulmonary surfactant is a surface-active lipoprotein complex composed of 90% lipids and 10% proteins which include plasma proteins and apolipoproteins SPA, SPB, SPC and SPD. The surfactant is secreted by the alveolar cells of the lung and maintains the stability of pulmonary tissue by reducing the surface tension of fluids that coat the lung. Multiple mutations in this gene have been identified, which cause pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction type 2, also called pulmonary alveolar proteinosis due to surfactant protein C deficiency, and are associated with interstitial lung disease in older infants, children, and adults. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different protein isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]
GeneCards Summary for SFTPC Gene
SFTPC (Surfactant Protein C) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SFTPC include Surfactant Metabolism Dysfunction, Pulmonary, 2 and Pulmonary Fibrosis, Idiopathic. Among its related pathways are Regulation of activated PAK-2p34 by proteasome mediated degradation and Defective CSF2RA causes pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction 4 (SMDP4). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SFTPC Gene
Pulmonary surfactant associated proteins promote alveolar stability by lowering the surface tension at the air-liquid interface in the peripheral air spaces.