Aliases for SYT7 Gene
External Ids for SYT7 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SYT7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SYT7 Gene
This gene is a member of the synaptotagmin gene family and encodes a protein similar to other family members that mediate calcium-dependent regulation of membrane trafficking in synaptic transmission. A similar protein in rodents mediates hormone secretion and lysosome exocytosis. In humans, expression of this gene has been associated with prostate cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for SYT7 Gene
SYT7 (Synaptotagmin 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SYT7 include Fetal Akinesia Deformation Sequence 4 and Prostate Cancer. Among its related pathways are Protein-protein interactions at synapses and Transmission across Chemical Synapses. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and syntaxin binding. An important paralog of this gene is SYT11.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SYT7 Gene
Ca(2+) sensor involved in Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis of secretory and synaptic vesicles through Ca(2+) and phospholipid binding to the C2 domain (By similarity). Ca(2+) induces binding of the C2-domains to phospholipid membranes and to assembled SNARE-complexes; both actions contribute to triggering exocytosis (By similarity). SYT7 binds Ca(2+) with high affinity and slow kinetics compared to other synaptotagmins (By similarity). Involved in Ca(2+)-triggered lysosomal exocytosis, a major component of the plasma membrane repair (PubMed:11342594). Ca(2+)-regulated delivery of lysosomal membranes to the cell surface is also involved in the phagocytic uptake of particles by macrophages (By similarity). Ca(2+)-triggered lysosomal exocytosis also plays a role in bone remodeling by regulating secretory pathways in osteoclasts and osteoblasts (By similarity). In case of infection, involved in participates cell invasion by Trypanosoma cruzi via Ca(2+)-triggered lysosomal exocytosis (PubMed:11342594, PubMed:15811535). Involved in cholesterol transport from lysosome to peroxisome by promoting membrane contacts between lysosomes and peroxisomes: probably acts by promoting vesicle fusion by binding phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate on peroxisomal membranes (By similarity). Acts as a key mediator of synaptic facilitation, a process also named short-term synaptic potentiation: synaptic facilitation takes place at synapses with a low initial release probability and is caused by influx of Ca(2+) into the axon terminal after spike generation, increasing the release probability of neurotransmitters (By similarity). Probably mediates synaptic facilitation by directly increasing the probability of release (By similarity). May also contribute to synaptic facilitation by regulating synaptic vesicle replenishment, a process required to ensure that synaptic vesicles are ready for the arrival of the next action potential: SYT7 is required for synaptic vesicle replenishment by acting as a sensor for Ca(2+) and by forming a complex with calmodulin (By similarity). Also acts as a regulator of Ca(2+)-dependent insulin and glucagon secretion in beta-cells (By similarity). Triggers exocytosis by promoting fusion pore opening and fusion pore expansion in chromaffin cells (By similarity). Also regulates the secretion of some non-synaptic secretory granules of specialized cells (By similarity).