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Aliases for SYNGR4 Gene

Aliases for SYNGR4 Gene

  • Synaptogyrin 4 2 3 5
  • Testis Tissue Sperm-Binding Protein Li 72n 3
  • Synaptogyrin-4 3

External Ids for SYNGR4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SYNGR4 Gene

  • GC19P049513
  • GC19P049235
  • GC19P053543
  • GC19P053559
  • GC19P048867
  • GC19P045248

Summaries for SYNGR4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SYNGR4 Gene

  • This gene encodes an integral membrane protein. The gene belongs to the synaptogyrin gene family. Like other members of the family the protein contains four transmembrane regions. The exact function of this protein is unclear. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SYNGR4 Gene

SYNGR4 (Synaptogyrin 4) is a Protein Coding gene. An important paralog of this gene is SYNGR1.

Additional gene information for SYNGR4 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SYNGR4 Gene

Genomics for SYNGR4 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for SYNGR4 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for SYNGR4 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH19I048362 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 -0.3 -288 2.7 HDGF PKNOX1 CLOCK SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A YY1 POLR2B ZNF766 TMEM143 SYNGR4 KDELR1 BAX CCDC114 GRWD1 BICRA SNORD23 TRPM4 RPL18
GH19I048253 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.2 -106.8 -106829 7.1 CLOCK MLX DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 MEF2D CARD8-AS1 CARD8 BICRA KDELR1 GRWD1 SNRNP70 NOP53-AS1 NOP53 RPL18 SNORD23
GH19I048328 Promoter/Enhancer 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.7 -32.6 -32615 5.8 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT SIN3A FEZF1 YBX1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B BICRA GRWD1 TMEM143 SNRNP70 NOP53-AS1 CA11 NOP53 KDELR1 RPL18 ZSWIM9
GH19I048203 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -160.2 -160178 1.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A IRF4 YY1 POLR2B ZNF302 E2F8 ENSG00000268583 CARD8 BICRA CCDC9 KDELR1 PLA2G4C GRWD1 BAX SYNGR4 TMEM143
GH19I048424 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.6 +60.8 60796 1.4 ZNF143 FOS ATF7 RUNX3 JUNB REST ZNF592 SMARCA4 NBN LEF1 GRWD1 KCNJ14 CYTH2 SYNGR4 TMEM143 KDELR1 GRIN2D
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around SYNGR4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the SYNGR4 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for SYNGR4 Gene

Genomic Locations for SYNGR4 Gene
12,097 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SYNGR4 Gene

Genes around SYNGR4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SYNGR4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SYNGR4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SYNGR4 Gene

Proteins for SYNGR4 Gene

  • Protein details for SYNGR4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3KP58

    Protein attributes for SYNGR4 Gene

    234 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25820 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for SYNGR4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SYNGR4 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for SYNGR4 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SYNGR4 Gene

Domains & Families for SYNGR4 Gene

Gene Families for SYNGR4 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Protein Domains for SYNGR4 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SYNGR4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the synaptogyrin family.
  • Belongs to the synaptogyrin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SYNGR4: view

Function for SYNGR4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SYNGR4: view

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SYNGR4 Gene

Localization for SYNGR4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SYNGR4 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SYNGR4 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 3

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SYNGR4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0030672 synaptic vesicle membrane IBA --
GO:0031594 neuromuscular junction IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SYNGR4: view

Pathways & Interactions for SYNGR4 Gene

SuperPathways for SYNGR4 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for SYNGR4 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 4 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000344041 for SYNGR4 Gene via STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SYNGR4 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for SYNGR4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SYNGR4 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for SYNGR4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SYNGR4 Gene

Synaptogyrin 4:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SYNGR4 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - -

Relevant External Links for SYNGR4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SYNGR4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SYNGR4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SYNGR4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x41.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SYNGR4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Ovary (36.0) and Testis (33.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SYNGR4 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SYNGR4 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SYNGR4 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SYNGR4 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SYNGR4: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SYNGR4 Gene

Orthologs for SYNGR4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SYNGR4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SYNGR4 33 34
  • 98.17 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SYNGR4 33 34
  • 83.33 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Syngr4 33
  • 80.2 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Syngr4 33 16 34
  • 79.97 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SYNGR4 33 34
  • 77.88 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SYNGR4 34
  • 62 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SYNGR4 34
  • 46 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta synaptogyrin 34
  • 19 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sng-1 34
  • 19 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 25 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SYNGR4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for SYNGR4 Gene

Gene Tree for SYNGR4 (if available)
Gene Tree for SYNGR4 (if available)

Paralogs for SYNGR4 Gene

Paralogs for SYNGR4 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for SYNGR4 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SYNGR4: view

Variants for SYNGR4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SYNGR4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000033332 -- 48,364,869(+) C/T genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000105781 -- 48,373,465(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000234394 -- 48,370,360(+) G/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000619979 -- 48,369,080(+) T/C genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000849988 -- 48,367,630(+) T/C genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SYNGR4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv9739 CNV gain+loss 18304495
nsv833854 CNV loss 17160897
esv3893229 CNV loss 25118596
esv3644586 CNV loss 21293372
esv34181 CNV loss 18971310
esv2718675 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv1793n106 CNV deletion 24896259

Variation tolerance for SYNGR4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 79.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.12; 61.25% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for SYNGR4 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SYNGR4 Gene

Disorders for SYNGR4 Gene

Additional Disease Information for SYNGR4

No disorders were found for SYNGR4 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SYNGR4 Gene

Publications for SYNGR4 Gene

  1. A Novel GLP1 Receptor Interacting Protein ATP6ap2 Regulates Insulin Secretion in Pancreatic Beta Cells. (PMID: 26272612) Dai FF … Wheeler MB (The Journal of biological chemistry 2015) 3 58
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 4 58
  3. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg RL … Mammalian Gene Collection Program Team (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2002) 3 58
  4. A transcript map of the chromosome 19q-arm glioma tumor suppressor region. (PMID: 10708517) Smith JS … Jenkins RB (Genomics 2000) 3 58
  5. Characterization of the human synaptogyrin gene family. (PMID: 9760194) Kedra D … Dumanski JP (Human genetics 1998) 3 58

Products for SYNGR4 Gene

Sources for SYNGR4 Gene

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