Aliases for SUMO2 Gene
External Ids for SUMO2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SUMO2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SUMO2 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that is a member of the SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) protein family. It functions in a manner similar to ubiquitin in that it is bound to target proteins as part of a post-translational modification system. However, unlike ubiquitin which targets proteins for degradation, this protein is involved in a variety of cellular processes, such as nuclear transport, transcriptional regulation, apoptosis, and protein stability. It is not active until the last two amino acids of the carboxy-terminus have been cleaved off. Numerous pseudogenes have been reported for this gene. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SUMO2 Gene
SUMO2 (Small Ubiquitin Like Modifier 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SUMO2 include Parkinson Disease, Late-Onset. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and DNA Double-Strand Break Repair. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include SUMO transferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SUMO3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SUMO2 Gene
Ubiquitin-like protein that can be covalently attached to proteins as a monomer or as a lysine-linked polymer. Covalent attachment via an isopeptide bond to its substrates requires prior activation by the E1 complex SAE1-SAE2 and linkage to the E2 enzyme UBE2I, and can be promoted by an E3 ligase such as PIAS1-4, RANBP2, CBX4 or ZNF451 (PubMed:26524494). This post-translational modification on lysine residues of proteins plays a crucial role in a number of cellular processes such as nuclear transport, DNA replication and repair, mitosis and signal transduction. Polymeric SUMO2 chains are also susceptible to polyubiquitination which functions as a signal for proteasomal degradation of modified proteins (PubMed:18408734, PubMed:18538659, PubMed:21965678, PubMed:9556629). Plays a role in the regulation of sumoylation status of SETX (PubMed:24105744).