Aliases for SULT1A1 Gene
External Ids for SULT1A1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SULT1A1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SULT1A1 Gene
Sulfotransferase enzymes catalyze the sulfate conjugation of many hormones, neurotransmitters, drugs, and xenobiotic compounds. These cytosolic enzymes are different in their tissue distributions and substrate specificities. The gene structure (number and length of exons) is similar among family members. This gene encodes one of two phenol sulfotransferases with thermostable enzyme activity. Multiple alternatively spliced variants that encode two isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SULT1A1 Gene
SULT1A1 (Sulfotransferase Family 1A Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SULT1A1 include Mandibulofacial Dysostosis With Alopecia and Pneumonic Plague. Among its related pathways are Sulfation Biotransformation Reaction and Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sulfotransferase activity and flavonol 3-sulfotransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SULT1A4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SULT1A1 Gene
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of a wide variety of acceptor molecules bearing a hydroxyl or an amine groupe. Sulfonation increases the water solubility of most compounds, and therefore their renal excretion, but it can also result in bioactivation to form active metabolites. Displays broad substrate specificity for small phenolic compounds. Plays an important role in the sulfonation of endogenous molecules such as steroid hormones and 3,3'-diiodothyronin (PubMed:16221673, PubMed:12471039, PubMed:22069470, PubMed:21723874, PubMed:10199779, PubMed:7834621). Mediates the sulfate conjugation of a variety of xenobiotics, including the drugs acetaminophen and minoxidil (By similarity). Mediates also the metabolic activation of carcinogenic N-hydroxyarylamines leading to highly reactive intermediates capable of forming DNA adducts, potentially resulting in mutagenesis (PubMed:7834621).