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Aliases for STK38L Gene

Aliases for STK38L Gene

  • Serine/Threonine Kinase 38 Like 2 3 5
  • Nuclear Dbf2-Related Kinase 2 3 4
  • Nuclear Dbf2-Related 2 2 3
  • NDR2 Protein Kinase 3 4
  • EC 4 56
  • NDR2 3 4
  • Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase 38-Like 3
  • EC 2.7.11 56
  • KIAA0965 4

External Ids for STK38L Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STK38L Gene

  • GC12P027757
  • GC12P027408
  • GC12P027297
  • GC12P027288
  • GC12P027168
  • GC12P027396

Summaries for STK38L Gene

GeneCards Summary for STK38L Gene

STK38L (Serine/Threonine Kinase 38 Like) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with STK38L include Severe Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is STK38.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38L Gene

  • Involved in the regulation of structural processes in differentiating and mature neuronal cells.

Gene Wiki entry for STK38L Gene

Additional gene information for STK38L Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for STK38L Gene

Genomics for STK38L Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for STK38L Gene

Promoters and enhancers for STK38L Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12I027242 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 550.8 +0.8 801 4.5 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 POLR2B PIR41524 STK38L MED21 ENSG00000247903 TM7SF3 C12orf71 GC12P027317
GH12I027330 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.2 +90.1 90117 7.4 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YBX1 ZNF2 ZNF48 GLIS2 ZNF416 ZNF207 ARNTL2 STK38L TM7SF3 MED21 HMGB1P49 FGFR1OP2 GC12P027317 ARNTL2-AS1
GH12I027283 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.8 +41.1 41096 2.6 SMAD1 JUN MAX EBF1 BMI1 BATF IRF4 RELA ATF7 PRDM10 STK38L TM7SF3 MED21 GC12P027317
GH12I027176 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.7 -64.9 -64873 5.3 HDGF ATF1 SIN3A FEZF1 IRF4 ELK1 ATF7 FOS RUNX3 JUNB STK38L MED21 ENSG00000247903 C12orf71 PIR36462 ENSG00000256226
GH12I027290 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.4 +47.5 47456 2.5 ZBTB6 JUN BMI1 FEZF1 ZFHX2 ZBTB48 IKZF2 EGR2 SCRT1 DPF2 STK38L TM7SF3 GC12P027317
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around STK38L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the STK38L gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for STK38L Gene

Genomic Locations for STK38L Gene
81,992 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for STK38L Gene

Genes around STK38L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
STK38L Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for STK38L Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for STK38L Gene

Proteins for STK38L Gene

  • Protein details for STK38L Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Serine/threonine-protein kinase 38-like
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K4U0
    • B4E3J8
    • Q8TBX7

    Protein attributes for STK38L Gene

    464 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    54003 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimeric S100B binds two molecules of STK38L. Interacts with MICAL1; leading to inhibit the protein kinase activity by antagonizing activation by MST1/STK4 (By similarity). Interacts with MOB1 and MOB2.

    Alternative splice isoforms for STK38L Gene


neXtProt entry for STK38L Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for STK38L Gene


Post-translational modifications for STK38L Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=378378
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for STK38L Gene

Gene Families for STK38L Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for STK38L Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with STK38L: view

Function for STK38L Gene

Molecular function for STK38L Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activated by binding of S100B which releases autoinhibitory N-lobe interactions, enabling ATP to bind and the autophosphorylation of Ser-282. Thr-442 then undergoes calcium-dependent phosphorylation by STK24/MST3. Interactions between phosphorylated Thr-442 and the N-lobe promote additional structural changes that complete the activation of the kinase. Autoinhibition is also released by the binding of MOB1/MOBKL1A and MOB2/HCCA2 to the N-terminal of STK38L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the regulation of structural processes in differentiating and mature neuronal cells.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for STK38L Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for STK38L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IDA 15067004
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA 15037617
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15197186
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38L: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with STK38L: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for STK38L

CRISPR Products

miRNA for STK38L Gene

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for STK38L Gene

Localization for STK38L Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38L Gene

Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Membrane. Note=Associated with the actin cytoskeleton. Co-localizes with STK24/MST3 in the membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for STK38L gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 3

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for STK38L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 15037617
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0015629 actin cytoskeleton IEA,ISS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38L: view

Pathways & Interactions for STK38L Gene

SuperPathways for STK38L Gene

No Data Available

SIGNOR curated interactions for STK38L Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for STK38L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IEA,IDA 15037617
GO:0016310 phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0018105 peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IBA --
GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction IDA 15067004
GO:0051128 regulation of cellular component organization ISS,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38L: view

No data available for Pathways by source for STK38L Gene

Drugs & Compounds for STK38L Gene

(3) Drugs for STK38L Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Approved Nutra 0
Magnesium Approved Nutra 0
ATP Investigational Nutra Agonist 0

(1) Additional Compounds for STK38L Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with STK38L: view

Transcripts for STK38L Gene

Unigene Clusters for STK38L Gene

Serine/threonine kinase 38 like:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for STK38L Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for STK38L Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for STK38L Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for STK38L Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for STK38L Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Artery - Aorta (x5.0) and Artery - Tibial (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for STK38L Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (10.3) and Frontal cortex (7.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for STK38L Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for STK38L Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of STK38L Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for STK38L Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for STK38L Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels observed in the thymus.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for STK38L Gene

  • Nervous system(2.6)
  • Heart(2.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with STK38L: view

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for STK38L Gene

Orthologs for STK38L Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for STK38L Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia STK38L 33 34
  • 99.64 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia STK38L 34
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia STK38L 33 34
  • 95.26 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia STK38L 34 33
  • 94.83 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia STK38L 34
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Stk38l 33 16 34
  • 89.65 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Stk38l 33
  • 88.18 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves STK38L 33 34
  • 83.83 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia STK38L 34
  • 96 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia stk38l 33
  • 77.63 (n)
Str.11890 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii stk38l 33 34
  • 76.4 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta trc 34 35
  • 68 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sax-1 35 33 34
  • 62.2 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D07810g 33
  • 57.86 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CBK1 33 34
  • 57.56 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR035W 33
  • 55.3 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT4G33080 33
  • 56.37 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0186700 33
  • 56.78 (n)
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.1876 33
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.6269 33
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.5558 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 68 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes orb6 33
  • 55.91 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU07296 33
  • 51.62 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1672 33
Species where no ortholog for STK38L was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for STK38L Gene

Gene Tree for STK38L (if available)
Gene Tree for STK38L (if available)

Paralogs for STK38L Gene

Variants for STK38L Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for STK38L Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000080899 -- 27,311,609(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000113203 -- 27,297,742(+) A/C 5_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000154974 -- 27,277,192(+) A/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000192380 -- 27,252,538(+) A/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000214178 -- 27,247,317(+) C/T genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for STK38L Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1406n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv2417n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv263e214 CNV gain 21293372
dgv271e199 CNV deletion 23128226
dgv786n106 CNV deletion 24896259
esv1525868 CNV deletion 17803354
esv2395169 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2598897 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2667338 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2672021 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2745664 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2745667 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3253385 CNV deletion 24192839
esv3548925 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3628932 CNV loss 21293372
esv3628933 CNV gain 21293372
esv3628934 CNV loss 21293372
esv4652 CNV loss 18987735
esv7285 CNV loss 19470904
esv996338 CNV deletion 20482838
esv997751 CNV deletion 20482838
nsv1070100 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv436825 CNV insertion 17901297
nsv469175 CNV loss 19166990
nsv521872 CNV gain 19592680
nsv557808 CNV loss 21841781
nsv832356 CNV gain 17160897
nsv958659 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv975462 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for STK38L Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 25% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.35; 7.75% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for STK38L Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38L Gene

Disorders for STK38L Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for STK38L Gene - From: HGMD and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • high risk non proliferative diabetic retinopathy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for STK38L

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with STK38L: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for STK38L Gene

Publications for STK38L Gene

  1. Regulation of NDR2 protein kinase by multi-site phosphorylation and the S100B calcium-binding protein. (PMID: 15037617) Stegert MR … Hemmings BA (The Journal of biological chemistry 2004) 3 4 22 58
  2. Coeliac disease-associated risk variants in TNFAIP3 and REL implicate altered NF-kappaB signalling. (PMID: 19240061) Trynka G … Wijmenga C (Gut 2009) 3 44 58
  3. NDR2 acts as the upstream kinase of ARK5 during insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling. (PMID: 16488889) Suzuki A … Esumi H (The Journal of biological chemistry 2006) 2 3 58
  4. HIV-1 incorporates and proteolytically processes human NDR1 and NDR2 serine-threonine kinases. (PMID: 15582665) Devroe E … Engelman A (Virology 2005) 3 22 58
  5. Regulation of NDR protein kinase by hydrophobic motif phosphorylation mediated by the mammalian Ste20-like kinase MST3. (PMID: 16314523) Stegert MR … Hemmings BA (Molecular and cellular biology 2005) 3 4 58

Products for STK38L Gene

Sources for STK38L Gene

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