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Aliases for STK38 Gene

Aliases for STK38 Gene

  • Serine/Threonine Kinase 38 2 3 5
  • Nuclear Dbf2-Related Kinase 1 3 4
  • NDR1 Protein Kinase 3 4
  • EC 4 56
  • NDR1 3 4
  • Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase 38 3
  • Ndr Ser/Thr Kinase-Like Protein 3
  • EC 2.7.11 56
  • NDR 3

External Ids for STK38 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STK38 Gene

  • GC06M036463
  • GC06M036508
  • GC06M036569
  • GC06M036461
  • GC06M036180

Summaries for STK38 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for STK38 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the AGC serine/threonine kinase family of proteins. The kinase activity of this protein is regulated by autophosphorylation and phosphorylation by other upstream kinases. This protein has been shown to function in the cell cycle and apoptosis. This protein has also been found to regulate the protein stability and transcriptional activity of the MYC oncogene. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

GeneCards Summary for STK38 Gene

STK38 (Serine/Threonine Kinase 38) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Sweet Taste Signaling and Interactome of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is STK38L.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38 Gene

  • Negative regulator of MAP3K1/2 signaling. Converts MAP3K2 from its phosphorylated form to its non-phosphorylated form and inhibits autophosphorylation of MAP3K2.

Gene Wiki entry for STK38 Gene

Additional gene information for STK38 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for STK38 Gene

Genomics for STK38 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for STK38 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for STK38 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH06I036541 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 563.1 +2.3 2265 7.1 HDGF MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 SLC30A9 POLR2B ZNF213 STK38 SRSF3 ETV7 ENSG00000219023 MAPK14 KCTD20 CMTR1 ENSG00000237719 RN7SL748P
GH06I036675 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 31.6 -133.4 -133370 10.4 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 CDKN1A SRSF3 CMTR1 STK38 MAPK14 ENSG00000237719 RNF8 RNU1-88P C6orf89 ARMC12
GH06I036592 Promoter/Enhancer 3.2 UCNEbase EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.7 -49.9 -49940 10.7 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YBX1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 SRSF3 KCTD20 MAPK14 CDKN1A RAB44 STK38 BRPF3 FKBP5 ETV7 RNF8
GH06I035723 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.6 +818.4 818382 10.8 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 ZNF143 ZNF548 MCM3 SP3 NFYC FKBP5 TAF11 SRSF3 ZNF76 ENSG00000272374 RPL10A STK38 ENSG00000219023 FANCE PPARD
GH06I036422 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 23.3 +123.9 123949 2 CLOCK MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B ZNF766 E2F8 ZNF207 ETV7 STK38 KCTD20 MAPK14 SRSF3 ENSG00000237719 LOC105375037 C6orf222 PI16 MAPK13
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around STK38 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the STK38 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for STK38 Gene

Genomic Locations for STK38 Gene
53,591 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for STK38 Gene

Genes around STK38 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
STK38 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for STK38 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for STK38 Gene

Proteins for STK38 Gene

  • Protein details for STK38 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Serine/threonine-protein kinase 38
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q503A1

    Protein attributes for STK38 Gene

    465 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    54190 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with MICAL1; leading to inhibit the protein kinase activity by antagonizing activation by MST1/STK4 (By similarity). Homodimeric S100B binds two molecules of STK38. Component of the MLL5-L complex, at least composed of KMT2E/MLL5, STK38, PPP1CA, PPP1CB, PPP1CC, HCFC1, ACTB and OGT. Interacts with MOB1 and MOB2. Interacts with MAP3K1 and MAP3K2 (via the kinase catalytic domain). Forms a tripartite complex with MOBKL1B and STK3/MST2.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for STK38 Gene

neXtProt entry for STK38 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for STK38 Gene


Post-translational modifications for STK38 Gene

Other Protein References for STK38 Gene

Domains & Families for STK38 Gene

Gene Families for STK38 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for STK38 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with STK38: view

Function for STK38 Gene

Molecular function for STK38 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activated by binding of S100B which releases autoinhibitory N-lobe interactions, enabling ATP to bind and the autophosphorylation of Ser-281. Thr-444 then undergoes calcium-dependent phosphorylation by STK24/MST3. Interactions between phosphorylated Thr-444 and the N-lobe promote additional structural changes that complete the activation of the kinase. Autoinhibition is also released by the binding of MOB1/MOBKL1A and MOB2/HCCA2 to the N-terminal of STK38.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Negative regulator of MAP3K1/2 signaling. Converts MAP3K2 from its phosphorylated form to its non-phosphorylated form and inhibits autophosphorylation of MAP3K2.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for STK38 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for STK38 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for STK38 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IDA 12493777
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA 12493777
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 9774336
GO:0005524 ATP binding IDA 12493777
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with STK38: view

Animal Models for STK38 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for STK38:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for STK38

miRNA for STK38 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target STK38

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for STK38

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for STK38 Gene

Localization for STK38 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38 Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for STK38 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
cytoskeleton 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for STK38 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 12493777
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 17906693
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38: view

Pathways & Interactions for STK38 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with STK38: view

Pathways by source for STK38 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for STK38 Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for STK38 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for STK38 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for STK38 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process IDA 7761441
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IDA 12493777
GO:0016310 phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0018105 peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IBA --
GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction IDA 12493777
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38: view

Drugs & Compounds for STK38 Gene

(3) Drugs for STK38 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Approved Nutra 0
Magnesium Approved Nutra 0
ATP Investigational Nutra Agonist 0

(1) Additional Compounds for STK38 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with STK38: view

Transcripts for STK38 Gene

Unigene Clusters for STK38 Gene

Serine/threonine kinase 38:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for STK38

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for STK38 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b · 14c · 14d
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for STK38 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for STK38 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for STK38 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for STK38 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x6.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for STK38 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (16.4), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (14.0), and CD8 Tcells (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for STK38 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for STK38 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of STK38 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for STK38 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for STK38 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels observed in peripheral blood leukocytes.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for STK38 Gene

  • Nervous system(2.4)
  • Blood(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with STK38: view

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for STK38 Gene

Orthologs for STK38 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for STK38 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia STK38 33 34
  • 99.93 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 99 (a)
-- 34
  • 88 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia STK38 33 34
  • 96.85 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia STK38 34 33
  • 96.34 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Stk38 33 16 34
  • 92.76 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia STK38 34
  • 88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves STK38 33 34
  • 84.73 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia STK38 34
  • 97 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia stk38 33
  • 78.92 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia trc-prov 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii stk38b 34
  • 89 (a)
stk38a 33 34
  • 76.85 (n)
Dr.18403 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta trc 33 34 35
  • 64.59 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005521 33
  • 62.8 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sax-1 35 34
  • 66 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CBK1 34 36
  • 30 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G09890 33
  • 53.15 (n)
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.15237 33
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.21326 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 67 (a)
Species where no ortholog for STK38 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for STK38 Gene

Gene Tree for STK38 (if available)
Gene Tree for STK38 (if available)

Paralogs for STK38 Gene

Paralogs for STK38 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with STK38: view

Variants for STK38 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for STK38 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Variation AA Info Type
VAR_041196 A metastatic melanoma sample p.Glu18Lys
rs1000047316 -- 36,495,032(-) A/G 3_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000076522 -- 36,549,372(-) T/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000090681 -- 36,500,620(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000122125 -- 36,541,190(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for STK38 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv473402 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv5260 CNV deletion 18451855

Variation tolerance for STK38 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 16% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 15.20; 96.98% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for STK38 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38 Gene

Disorders for STK38 Gene

Additional Disease Information for STK38

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for STK38 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for STK38 Gene

Publications for STK38 Gene

  1. Negative regulation of MEKK1/2 signaling by serine-threonine kinase 38 (STK38). (PMID: 17906693) Enomoto A … Miyagawa K (Oncogene 2008) 3 4 22 58
  2. Threonine 74 of MOB1 is a putative key phosphorylation site by MST2 to form the scaffold to activate nuclear Dbf2-related kinase 1. (PMID: 18362890) Hirabayashi S … Hata Y (Oncogene 2008) 3 4 22 58
  3. Mechanism of activation of NDR (nuclear Dbf2-related) protein kinase by the hMOB1 protein. (PMID: 15197186) Bichsel SJ … Hemmings BA (The Journal of biological chemistry 2004) 3 4 22 58
  4. Molecular cloning and characterization of a conserved nuclear serine(threonine) protein kinase. (PMID: 7761441) Millward T … Hemmings BA (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1995) 2 3 4 58
  5. A common variant in DRD3 receptor is associated with autism spectrum disorder. (PMID: 19058789) de Krom M … van Ree JM (Biological psychiatry 2009) 3 44 58

Products for STK38 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for STK38

Sources for STK38 Gene