Aliases for STIM1 Gene
External Ids for STIM1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STIM1 Gene
This gene encodes a type 1 transmembrane protein that mediates Ca2+ influx after depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores by gating of store-operated Ca2+ influx channels (SOCs). It is one of several genes located in the imprinted gene domain of 11p15.5, an important tumor-suppressor gene region. Alterations in this region have been associated with the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, Wilms tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, adrenocrotical carcinoma, and lung, ovarian, and breast cancer. This gene may play a role in malignancies and disease that involve this region, as well as early hematopoiesis, by mediating attachment to stromal cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with fatal classic Kaposi sarcoma, immunodeficiency due to defects in store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) in fibroblasts, ectodermal dysplasia and tubular aggregate myopathy. This gene is oriented in a head-to-tail configuration with the ribonucleotide reductase 1 gene (RRM1), with the 3' end of this gene situated 1.6 kb from the 5' end of the RRM1 gene. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
GeneCards Summary for STIM1 Gene
STIM1 (Stromal Interaction Molecule 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with STIM1 include Stormorken Syndrome and Myopathy, Tubular Aggregate, 1. Among its related pathways are Platelet homeostasis and Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and calcium channel regulator activity. An important paralog of this gene is STIM2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for STIM1 Gene
Plays a role in mediating store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), a Ca(2+) influx following depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores (PubMed:15866891, PubMed:16005298, PubMed:16208375, PubMed:16537481, PubMed:16733527, PubMed:16766533, PubMed:16807233, PubMed:18854159, PubMed:19249086, PubMed:22464749, PubMed:24069340, PubMed:24351972, PubMed:24591628, PubMed:26322679, PubMed:25326555, PubMed:28219928). Acts as Ca(2+) sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum via its EF-hand domain. Upon Ca(2+) depletion, translocates from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane where it activates the Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channel subunit ORAI1 (PubMed:16208375, PubMed:16537481). Involved in enamel formation (PubMed:24621671). Activated following interaction with STIMATE, leading to promote STIM1 conformational switch (PubMed:26322679).
STIM-Orai channels have recently been identified as the underlying molecular mechanism of store-operated calcium entry (SOCE). STIM (stromal interaction molecule) proteins are ER Ca2+ sensors. Orai proteins are STIM binding partners that form the channel pore.