Aliases for STIL Gene
External Ids for STIL Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for STIL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STIL Gene
This gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein implicated in regulation of the mitotic spindle checkpoint, a regulatory pathway that monitors chromosome segregation during cell division to ensure the proper distribution of chromosomes to daughter cells. The protein is phosphorylated in mitosis and in response to activation of the spindle checkpoint, and disappears when cells transition to G1 phase. It interacts with a mitotic regulator, and its expression is required to efficiently activate the spindle checkpoint. It is proposed to regulate Cdc2 kinase activity during spindle checkpoint arrest. Chromosomal deletions that fuse this gene and the adjacent locus commonly occur in T cell leukemias, and are thought to arise through illegitimate V-(D)-J recombination events. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for STIL Gene
STIL (STIL Centriolar Assembly Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with STIL include Microcephaly 7, Primary, Autosomal Recessive and Primary Autosomal Recessive Microcephaly. Among its related pathways are Signaling events mediated by the Hedgehog family.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for STIL Gene
Immediate-early gene. Plays an important role in embryonic development as well as in cellular growth and proliferation; its long-term silencing affects cell survival and cell cycle distribution as well as decreases CDK1 activity correlated with reduced phosphorylation of CDK1. Plays a role as a positive regulator of the sonic hedgehog pathway, acting downstream of PTCH1 (PubMed:16024801, PubMed:9372240). Plays an important role in the regulation of centriole duplication. Required for the onset of procentriole formation and proper mitotic progression. During procentriole formation, is essential for the correct loading of SASS6 and CENPJ to the base of the procentriole to initiate procentriole assembly (PubMed:22020124).