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Aliases for STC2 Gene

Aliases for STC2 Gene

  • Stanniocalcin 2 2 3 5
  • Stanniocalcin-Related Protein 3 4
  • STC-Related Protein 3 4
  • STC-2 3 4
  • STCRP 3 4
  • Stanniocalcin-2 3

External Ids for STC2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STC2 Gene

  • GC05M173001
  • GC05M173443
  • GC05M172677
  • GC05M172722
  • GC05M172674
  • GC05M172741
  • GC05M167836

Summaries for STC2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for STC2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a secreted, homodimeric glycoprotein that is expressed in a wide variety of tissues and may have autocrine or paracrine functions. The encoded protein has 10 of its 15 cysteine residues conserved among stanniocalcin family members and is phosphorylated by casein kinase 2 exclusively on its serine residues. Its C-terminus contains a cluster of histidine residues which may interact with metal ions. The protein may play a role in the regulation of renal and intestinal calcium and phosphate transport, cell metabolism, or cellular calcium/phosphate homeostasis. Constitutive overexpression of human stanniocalcin 2 in mice resulted in pre- and postnatal growth restriction, reduced bone and skeletal muscle growth, and organomegaly. Expression of this gene is induced by estrogen and altered in some breast cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for STC2 Gene

STC2 (Stanniocalcin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and heme binding. An important paralog of this gene is STC1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STC2 Gene

  • Has an anti-hypocalcemic action on calcium and phosphate homeostasis.

Gene Wiki entry for STC2 Gene

Additional gene information for STC2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for STC2 Gene

Genomics for STC2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for STC2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for STC2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH05J173322 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 +1.9 1899 9.6 CLOCK MLX FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 ZNF143 ZNF263 STC2 SH3PXD2B BOD1 CREBRF LOC102724551 ENSG00000253172 ENSG00000253628 RPL12P22 ENSG00000254011 LOC100268168
GH05J173494 Enhancer 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 7.1 -168.2 -168219 6.2 TFAP4 ESRRA USF1 FOXA2 CEBPG ZNF48 RARA TEAD3 E2F1 GATA3 STC2 ENSG00000253141 LOC105377733 LOC105377732
GH05J173333 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 3.1 -4.8 -4768 2 JUN CEBPB CEBPG EP300 ATF2 ATF4 JUND ZNF316 POLR2A STAT3 GC05P173335 RNU6-500P STC2 MIR8056 GC05P173099
GH05J173515 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 5.3 -186.3 -186273 1.1 JUN CEBPB DPF2 ELF1 EP300 FOXA1 ZNF217 CTBP1 GATA3 JUND ENSG00000253244 STC2 ENSG00000253768 LOC105377733 ENSG00000253141 LOC105377732
GH05J173315 Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 0.4 +13.5 13464 1.8 PKNOX1 CLOCK SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF213 E2F8 FOS PAF1 GC05M173296 STC2 GC05P173099
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around STC2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the STC2 gene promoter:
  • POU2F1a
  • POU2F1
  • MAZR
  • STAT5A
  • HNF-4alpha1
  • S8
  • ATF6
  • c-Myc
  • Max
  • E2F

Genomic Locations for STC2 Gene

Genomic Locations for STC2 Gene
14,791 bases
Minus strand
14,791 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for STC2 Gene

Genes around STC2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
STC2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for STC2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for STC2 Gene

Proteins for STC2 Gene

  • Protein details for STC2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for STC2 Gene

    302 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33249 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked.

neXtProt entry for STC2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for STC2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at isoforms=232 and isoforms=73
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for STC2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for STC2 Gene

Domains & Families for STC2 Gene

Gene Families for STC2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for STC2 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for STC2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the stanniocalcin family.
  • Belongs to the stanniocalcin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with STC2: view

Function for STC2 Gene

Molecular function for STC2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has an anti-hypocalcemic action on calcium and phosphate homeostasis.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for STC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005179 hormone activity IEA --
GO:0019899 enzyme binding IDA 22503972
GO:0020037 heme binding IDA 22503972
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IDA 15486227
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STC2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with STC2: view

Animal Models for STC2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for STC2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for STC2

miRNA for STC2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target STC2

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for STC2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for STC2 Gene

Localization for STC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STC2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for STC2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
endoplasmic reticulum 5
golgi apparatus 2
cytosol 1
lysosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for STC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space HDA 16502470
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA,IEA 22503972
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen TAS --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STC2: view

Pathways & Interactions for STC2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for STC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis IEA --
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress IEA --
GO:0007566 embryo implantation IEA --
GO:0010469 regulation of signaling receptor activity IEA --
GO:0010629 negative regulation of gene expression IDA 9753616
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STC2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for STC2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for STC2 Gene

(4) Drugs for STC2 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Approved Nutra 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with STC2: view

Transcripts for STC2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for STC2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for STC2 Gene

Stanniocalcin 2:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for STC2

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for STC2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for STC2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for STC2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for STC2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for STC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast - Mammary Tissue (x7.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for STC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Amniocyte (42.3), Plasma (14.6), and Serum (11.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for STC2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for STC2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of STC2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for STC2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for STC2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in a variety of tissues including muscle, heart, pancreas, kidney, spleen, prostate, small intestine, colon and peripheral blood leukocytes.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for STC2 Gene

  • Muscle(4.5)
  • Kidney(4.4)
  • Lung(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with STC2: view

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for STC2 Gene

Orthologs for STC2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for STC2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia STC2 34 33
  • 99.45 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia STC2 34 33
  • 91.52 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia STC2 34 33
  • 90.4 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia STC2 34
  • 89 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Stc2 16 34 33
  • 84.57 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Stc2 33
  • 84.57 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia STC2 34
  • 80 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves STC2 34 33
  • 71.25 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia STC2 34
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia stc2 33
  • 65.09 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii stc2a 34 33
  • 61.58 (n)
stc2b 34
  • 46 (a)
Species where no ortholog for STC2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for STC2 Gene

Gene Tree for STC2 (if available)
Gene Tree for STC2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for STC2: view image

Paralogs for STC2 Gene

Paralogs for STC2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for STC2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

  • E5RG57_HUMAN
  • H0YB13_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with STC2: view

Variants for STC2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for STC2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000661026 -- 173,315,824(-) C/G/T 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000729018 -- 173,317,063(-) G/A 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000898056 -- 173,327,859(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000955238 -- 173,322,566(-) AAACCGAA/AA intron_variant
rs1001052048 -- 173,321,767(-) C/A intron_variant

Variation tolerance for STC2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 47.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.83; 34.43% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for STC2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for STC2 Gene

Disorders for STC2 Gene

Additional Disease Information for STC2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for STC2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for STC2 Gene

Publications for STC2 Gene

  1. Identification of a second stanniocalcin cDNA in mouse and human: stanniocalcin 2. (PMID: 9723890) Chang AC … Reddel RR (Molecular and cellular endocrinology 1998) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Molecular cloning of a second human stanniocalcin homologue (STC2). (PMID: 9753616) Ishibashi K … Imai M (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 1998) 2 3 4 22 58
  3. Stanniocalcin 2: characterization of the protein and its localization to human pancreatic alpha cells. (PMID: 10450831) Moore EE … De Jongh KS (Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme 1999) 3 4 22 58
  4. Molecular cloning and characterization of stanniocalcin-related protein. (PMID: 10022771) DiMattia GE … Wagner GF (Molecular and cellular endocrinology 1998) 3 4 22 58
  5. Stanniocalcin-2 is a HIF-1 target gene that promotes cell proliferation in hypoxia. (PMID: 19786016) Law AY … Wong CK (Experimental cell research 2010) 3 22 58

Products for STC2 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for STC2

Sources for STC2 Gene

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