Aliases for STAT2 Gene
External Ids for STAT2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STAT2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT protein family. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. In response to interferon (IFN), this protein forms a complex with STAT1 and IFN regulatory factor family protein p48 (ISGF3G), in which this protein acts as a transactivator, but lacks the ability to bind DNA directly. Transcription adaptor P300/CBP (EP300/CREBBP) has been shown to interact specifically with this protein, which is thought to be involved in the process of blocking IFN-alpha response by adenovirus. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
GeneCards Summary for STAT2 Gene
STAT2 (Signal Transducer And Activator Of Transcription 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with STAT2 include Immunodeficiency 44 and Primary Immunodeficiency With Post-Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine Viral Infection. Among its related pathways are Osteoclast differentiation and Type III Interferon Signaling Pathways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is STAT1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for STAT2 Gene
Signal transducer and activator of transcription that mediates signaling by type I IFNs (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta). Following type I IFN binding to cell surface receptors, Jak kinases (TYK2 and JAK1) are activated, leading to tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2. The phosphorylated STATs dimerize, associate with IRF9/ISGF3G to form a complex termed ISGF3 transcription factor, that enters the nucleus. ISGF3 binds to the IFN stimulated response element (ISRE) to activate the transcription of interferon stimulated genes, which drive the cell in an antiviral state (PubMed:9020188, PubMed:23391734). Acts as a regulator of mitochondrial fission by modulating the phosphorylation of DNM1L at 'Ser-616' and 'Ser-637' which activate and inactivate the GTPase activity of DNM1L respectively (PubMed:26122121).