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Aliases for SSTR3 Gene

Aliases for SSTR3 Gene

  • Somatostatin Receptor 3 2 3 5
  • SS-3-R 3 4
  • SSR-28 3 4
  • SS3-R 3 4
  • SS3R 3 4
  • Somatostatin Receptor Type 3 3

External Ids for SSTR3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SSTR3 Gene

  • GC22M034217
  • GC22M035845
  • GC22M035926
  • GC22M037600
  • GC22M020567

Summaries for SSTR3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SSTR3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the somatostatin receptor protein family. Somatostatins are peptide hormones that regulate diverse cellular functions such as neurotransmission, cell proliferation, and endocrine signaling as well as inhibiting the release of many hormones and other secretory proteins. Somatostatin has two active forms of 14 and 28 amino acids. The biological effects of somatostatins are mediated by a family of G-protein coupled somatostatin receptors that are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. Somatostatin receptors form homodimers and heterodimers with other members of the superfamily as well as with other G-protein coupled receptors and receptor tyrosine kinases. This protein is functionally coupled to adenylyl cyclase. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for SSTR3 Gene

SSTR3 (Somatostatin Receptor 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SSTR3 include Pituitary Adenoma and Oncogenic Osteomalacia. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and somatostatin receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is SSTR5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SSTR3 Gene

  • Receptor for somatostatin-14 and -28. This receptor is coupled via pertussis toxin sensitive G proteins to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase.

Tocris Summary for SSTR3 Gene

  • Somatostatin (somatotropin release inhibiting factor, SRIF) is an endogenous cyclic polypeptide with two biologically active forms. It is an abundant neuropeptide and has a wide range of physiological effects on neurotransmission, secretion and cell proliferation.

Gene Wiki entry for SSTR3 Gene

Additional gene information for SSTR3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SSTR3 Gene

Genomics for SSTR3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for SSTR3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for SSTR3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22I037211 Promoter/Enhancer 1.6 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 550.4 +8.0 8030 1.1 HDGF MEIS2 TFAP4 KLF1 PKNOX1 ZNF48 ZFHX2 ZNF791 ZNF366 EGR1 SSTR3 C1QTNF6 EIF3L EIF3D IL2RB RPS15AP38 ENSG00000226233
GH22I037217 Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 562.9 -1.2 -1166 8.7 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 KLF17 BATF RAD21 ZNF207 ZNF143 ATF7 ETV6 SSTR3 ENSG00000226233 C1QTNF6 RAC2 GC22M037228
GH22I037227 Promoter/Enhancer 2.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 7.8 -16.3 -16260 18.7 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT POLR2B E2F8 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS REST RAC2 CYTH4 GGA1 CSF2RB SSTR3 C1QTNF6 NCF4 SH3BP1 ENSG00000226233 MFNG
GH22I037191 Promoter/Enhancer 2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 6.7 +24.0 23969 9.5 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B NEUROD1 SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 C1QTNF6 IL2RB ENSG00000235237 TMPRSS6 ENSG00000231467 PICK1 CYTH4 SSTR3 GC22M037168
GH22I037175 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 6.1 +42.0 42043 6 HDAC1 FOXA2 ATF1 NFIB RARA YY1 ATF7 EGR2 RXRA USF2 C1QTNF6 TMPRSS6 ENSG00000231467 CYTH4 SSTR3 ENSG00000226233 IL2RB ENSG00000235237 GC22M037168
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around SSTR3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the SSTR3 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for SSTR3 Gene

Genomic Locations for SSTR3 Gene
16,211 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SSTR3 Gene

Genes around SSTR3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SSTR3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SSTR3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SSTR3 Gene

Proteins for SSTR3 Gene

  • Protein details for SSTR3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Somatostatin receptor type 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K550
    • Q53ZR7

    Protein attributes for SSTR3 Gene

    418 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    45847 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer and heterodimer with SSTR2. Heterodimerization with SSTR2 inactivates SSTR3 receptor function (By similarity).

neXtProt entry for SSTR3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SSTR3 Gene

  • Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation increases upon somatostatin binding (By similarity).
  • Glycosylation at posLast=1717 and posLast=3030
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for SSTR3 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SSTR3 Gene

Domains & Families for SSTR3 Gene

Gene Families for SSTR3 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • G-protein coupled receptors
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SSTR3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SSTR3: view

Function for SSTR3 Gene

Molecular function for SSTR3 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
somatostatin receptor gene 3,G protein coupled receptor superfamily
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for somatostatin-14 and -28. This receptor is coupled via pertussis toxin sensitive G proteins to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for SSTR3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SSTR3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004930 G-protein coupled receptor activity IBA --
GO:0004994 somatostatin receptor activity IEA,TAS --
GO:0005102 receptor binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 19071123
GO:0042923 neuropeptide binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SSTR3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SSTR3: view

Animal Models for SSTR3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SSTR3:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for SSTR3

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for SSTR3
  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for SSTR3 (Somatostatin R3/SSTR3)

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SSTR3 Gene

Localization for SSTR3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SSTR3 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Note=Internalized into endoplasmic vesicles upon somatostatin-stimulation. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SSTR3 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytoskeleton 1
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SSTR3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 1337145
GO:0005929 cilium IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SSTR3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for SSTR3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SSTR3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SSTR3: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SSTR3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0007187 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway, coupled to cyclic nucleotide second messenger TAS 8405411
GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway IBA --
GO:0007267 cell-cell signaling TAS 1337145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SSTR3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SSTR3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SSTR3 Gene

(59) Drugs for SSTR3 Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Octreotide Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, binder sst2, sst3 and sst5 agonist 232
Pasireotide Approved Pharma Target, inhibitor, agonist 0
lanreotide Approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 88
Vapreotide Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 2
Somatostatin Approved, Investigational Pharma Influences growth hormone release 249

(3) Additional Compounds for SSTR3 Gene - From: IUPHAR

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Full agonist, Agonist
Full agonist, Agonist
Full agonist, Agonist

(5) Tocris Compounds for SSTR3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cortistatin 14 Endogenous neuropeptide; binds sst1 - sst5 and ghrelin receptor 193829-96-8
Octreotide sst2, sst3 and sst5 agonist 83150-76-9
Seglitide sst2 and sst5 agonist 81377-02-8
Somatostatin Influences growth hormone release 51110-01-1
Somatostatin 1-28 sst receptor agonist 74315-46-1

(12) ApexBio Compounds for SSTR3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(1R,1'S,3'R/1R,1'R,3'S)-L-054,264 208706-12-1
BIM 23056 Somatostatin receptor ligand 150155-61-6
CH 275 174688-78-9
Cortistatin 14 193829-96-8
Cyclosomatostatin somatostatin receptor antagonist 84211-54-1
CYN 154806 183658-72-2
L-803,087 trifluoroacetate 217480-26-7
L-817,818 217480-27-8
Octreotide acetate octapeptide congener of native somatostatin 83150-76-9
Pasireotide 396091-73-9
Seglitide 81377-02-8
Somatostatin 1-28 74315-46-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SSTR3: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for SSTR3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SSTR3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SSTR3 Gene

Somatostatin receptor 3:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for SSTR3
  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for SSTR3 (Somatostatin R3/SSTR3)

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SSTR3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SSTR3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SSTR3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SSTR3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SSTR3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cortex (x6.2), Testis (x6.1), and Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SSTR3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Platelet (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for SSTR3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SSTR3 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SSTR3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SSTR3 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SSTR3 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Brain, pituitary and pancreas.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SSTR3 Gene

  • Nervous system(2.5)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SSTR3: view

Primer Products

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SSTR3 Gene

Orthologs for SSTR3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SSTR3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SSTR3 33
  • 99.2 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SSTR3 33
  • 89.93 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SSTR3 33
  • 87.2 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sstr3 16 33
  • 83.46 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sstr3 33
  • 82.72 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SSTR3 33
  • 72.15 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia sstr3 33
  • 58.73 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100334518 33
  • 62.16 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Drostar1 35
  • 40 (a)
AlCR2 35
  • 38 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SSTR3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for SSTR3 Gene

Gene Tree for SSTR3 (if available)
Gene Tree for SSTR3 (if available)

Paralogs for SSTR3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SSTR3: view

Variants for SSTR3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SSTR3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000286780 -- 37,221,813(-) G/A/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000338806 -- 37,221,541(-) C/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000442503 -- 37,216,046(-) G/T genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000569606 -- 37,210,711(-) A/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000837181 -- 37,221,665(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SSTR3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv829203 CNV loss 20364138
nsv834188 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for SSTR3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 64.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.38; 63.49% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for SSTR3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SSTR3 Gene

Disorders for SSTR3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for SSTR3 Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pituitary adenoma
  • adenoma of the pituitary gland
oncogenic osteomalacia
  • oncogenic hypophosphatemic osteomalacia
pituitary adenoma, prolactin-secreting
  • prolactinoma, familial
bardet-biedl syndrome
  • biedl-bardet syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SSTR3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for SSTR3

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SSTR3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SSTR3 Gene

Publications for SSTR3 Gene

  1. A human somatostatin receptor (SSTR3), located on chromosome 22, displays preferential affinity for somatostatin-14 like peptides. (PMID: 8097479) Corness JD … Niznik HB (FEBS letters 1993) 3 4 22 58
  2. Human somatostatin receptor genes: localization to human chromosomes 14, 17, and 22 and identification of simple tandem repeat polymorphisms. (PMID: 8449518) Yamada Y … Bell GI (Genomics 1993) 2 3 22 58
  3. Somatostatin receptors, an expanding gene family: cloning and functional characterization of human SSTR3, a protein coupled to adenylyl cyclase. (PMID: 1337145) Yamada Y … Seino S (Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.) 1992) 3 4 22 58
  4. Genetic susceptibility to distinct bladder cancer subphenotypes. (PMID: 19692168) Guey LT … EPICURO/Spanish Bladder Cancer Study investigators (European urology 2010) 3 44 58
  5. Physiogenomic analysis of statin-treated patients: domain-specific counter effects within the ACACB gene on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol? (PMID: 20602615) Ruaño G … Wu AH (Pharmacogenomics 2010) 3 44 58

Products for SSTR3 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for SSTR3

Sources for SSTR3 Gene

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