Aliases for SREBF1 Gene
External Ids for SREBF1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SREBF1 Gene
This gene encodes a basic helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper (bHLH-Zip) transcription factor that binds to the sterol regulatory element-1 (SRE1), which is a motif that is found in the promoter of the low density lipoprotein receptor gene and other genes involved in sterol biosynthesis. The encoded protein is synthesized as a precursor that is initially attached to the nuclear membrane and endoplasmic reticulum. Following cleavage, the mature protein translocates to the nucleus and activates transcription. This cleaveage is inhibited by sterols. This gene is located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. Alternative promoter usage and splicing result in multiple transcript variants, including SREBP-1a and SREBP-1c, which correspond to RefSeq transcript variants 2 and 3, respectively. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2017]
GeneCards Summary for SREBF1 Gene
SREBF1 (Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Transcription Factor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SREBF1 include Ifap Syndrome 2 and Mucoepithelial Dysplasia, Hereditary. Among its related pathways are Insulin resistance and Regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis by SREBP (SREBF). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is SREBF2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SREBF1 Gene
[Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1]: Precursor of the transcription factor form (Processed sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1), which is embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane (PubMed:32322062). Low sterol concentrations promote processing of this form, releasing the transcription factor form that translocates into the nucleus and activates transcription of genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and lipid homeostasis (By similarity).
[Processed sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1]: Key transcription factor that regulates expression of genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and lipid homeostasis (PubMed:8402897, PubMed:12177166, PubMed:32322062). Binds to the sterol regulatory element 1 (SRE-1) (5'-ATCACCCCAC-3'). Has dual sequence specificity binding to both an E-box motif (5'-ATCACGTGA-3') and to SRE-1 (5'-ATCACCCCAC-3') (PubMed:8402897, PubMed:12177166). Regulates the promoters of genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and the LDL receptor (LDLR) pathway of sterol regulation (PubMed:8402897, PubMed:12177166, PubMed:32322062).
[Isoform SREBP-1A]: Isoform expressed only in select tissues, which has higher transcriptional activity compared to SREBP-1C (By similarity). Able to stimulate both lipogenic and cholesterogenic gene expression (PubMed:12177166). Has a role in the nutritional regulation of fatty acids and triglycerides in lipogenic organs such as the liver (By similarity). Required for innate immune response in macrophages by regulating lipid metabolism (By similarity).
[Isoform SREBP-1C]: Predominant isoform expressed in most tissues, which has weaker transcriptional activity compared to isoform SREBP-1A (By similarity). Primarily controls expression of lipogenic gene (PubMed:12177166). Strongly activates global lipid synthesis in rapidly growing cells (By similarity).
[Isoform SREBP-1aDelta]: The absence of Golgi proteolytic processing requirement makes this isoform constitutively active in transactivation of lipogenic gene promoters.
[Isoform SREBP-1cDelta]: The absence of Golgi proteolytic processing requirement makes this isoform constitutively active in transactivation of lipogenic gene promoters.