Aliases for SPX Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SPX Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a hormone involved in modulation of cardiovascular and renal function. It has also been shown in rats to cause weight loss. Several transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
GeneCards Summary for SPX Gene
SPX (Spexin Hormone) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SPX include Hyperoxaluria, Primary, Type Iii and Occupational Dermatitis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hormone activity and type 2 galanin receptor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SPX Gene
Plays a role as a central modulator of cardiovascular and renal function and nociception. Plays also a role in energy metabolism and storage. Inhibits adrenocortical cell proliferation with minor stimulation on corticosteroid release (By similarity).
[Spexin-1]: Acts as a ligand for galanin receptors GALR2 and GALR3 (PubMed:17284679, PubMed:24517231). Intracerebroventricular administration of the peptide induces an increase in arterial blood pressure, a decrease in both heart rate and renal excretion and delayed natriuresis. Intraventricular administration of the peptide induces antinociceptive activity. Also induces contraction of muscarinic-like stomach smooth muscles. Intraperitoneal administration of the peptide induces a reduction in food consumption and body weight. Inhibits long chain fatty acid uptake into adipocytes (By similarity).
[Spexin-2]: Intracerebroventricular administration of the peptide induces a decrease in heart rate, but no change in arterial pressure, and an increase in urine flow rate. Intraventricular administration of the peptide induces antinociceptive activity (By similarity).