Aliases for SPOP Gene
External Ids for SPOP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SPOP Gene
This gene encodes a protein that may modulate the transcriptional repression activities of death-associated protein 6 (DAXX), which interacts with histone deacetylase, core histones, and other histone-associated proteins. In mouse, the encoded protein binds to the putative leucine zipper domain of macroH2A1.2, a variant H2A histone that is enriched on inactivated X chromosomes. The BTB/POZ domain of this protein has been shown in other proteins to mediate transcriptional repression and to interact with components of histone deacetylase co-repressor complexes. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SPOP Gene
SPOP (Speckle Type BTB/POZ Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SPOP include Nabais Sa-De Vries Syndrome, Type 1 and Nabais Sa-De Vries Syndrome, Type 2. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Hedgehog signaling events mediated by Gli proteins. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin protein ligase binding and RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is SPOPL.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SPOP Gene
Component of a cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex that mediates the ubiquitination of target proteins, leading most often to their proteasomal degradation. In complex with CUL3, involved in ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of BRMS1, DAXX, PDX1/IPF1, GLI2 and GLI3. In complex with CUL3, involved in ubiquitination of MACROH2A1 and BMI1; this does not lead to their proteasomal degradation. Inhibits transcriptional activation of PDX1/IPF1 targets, such as insulin, by promoting PDX1/IPF1 degradation. The cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex containing homodimeric SPOP has higher ubiquitin ligase activity than the complex that contains the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL. Involved in the regulation of bromodomain and extra-terminal motif (BET) proteins BRD2, BRD3, BRD4 stability (PubMed:32109420).