Aliases for SORD Gene
External Ids for SORD Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SORD Gene
Sorbitol dehydrogenase (SORD; EC 188.8.131.52) catalyzes the interconversion of polyols and their corresponding ketoses, and together with aldose reductase (ALDR1; MIM 103880), makes up the sorbitol pathway that is believed to play an important role in the development of diabetic complications (summarized by Carr and Markham, 1995 [PubMed 8535074]). The first reaction of the pathway (also called the polyol pathway) is the reduction of glucose to sorbitol by ALDR1 with NADPH as the cofactor. SORD then oxidizes the sorbitol to fructose using NAD(+) cofactor.[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2010]
GeneCards Summary for SORD Gene
SORD (Sorbitol Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SORD include Sorbitol Dehydrogenase Deficiency With Peripheral Neuropathy and Diabetic Neuropathy. Among its related pathways are Glycosaminoglycan metabolism and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups. An important paralog of this gene is ADH1A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SORD Gene
Polyol dehydrogenase that catalyzes the reversible NAD(+)-dependent oxidation of various sugar alcohols. Is mostly active with D-sorbitol (D-glucitol), L-threitol, xylitol and ribitol as substrates, leading to the C2-oxidized products D-fructose, L-erythrulose, D-xylulose, and D-ribulose, respectively (PubMed:3365415). Is a key enzyme in the polyol pathway that interconverts glucose and fructose via sorbitol, which constitutes an important alternate route for glucose metabolism. The polyol pathway is believed to be involved in the etiology of diabetic complications, such as diabetic neuropathy and retinopathy, induced by hyperglycemia (PubMed:12962626, PubMed:29966615, PubMed:25105142). May play a role in sperm motility by using sorbitol as an alternative energy source for sperm motility (PubMed:16278369). May have a more general function in the metabolism of secondary alcohols since it also catalyzes the stereospecific oxidation of (2R,3R)-2,3-butanediol. To a lesser extent, can also oxidize L-arabinitol, galactitol and D-mannitol and glycerol in vitro. Oxidizes neither ethanol nor other primary alcohols. Cannot use NADP(+) as the electron acceptor (PubMed:3365415).