Aliases for SOCS2 Gene
External Ids for SOCS2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SOCS2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family. SOCS family members are cytokine-inducible negative regulators of cytokine receptor signaling via the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activation of transcription pathway (the JAK/STAT pathway). SOCS family proteins interact with major molecules of signaling complexes to block further signal transduction, in part, by proteasomal depletion of receptors or signal-transducing proteins via ubiquitination. The expression of this gene can be induced by a subset of cytokines, including erythropoietin, GM-CSF, IL10, interferon (IFN)-gamma and by cytokine receptors such as growth horomone receptor. The protein encoded by this gene interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) and is thought to be involved in the regulation of IGF1R mediated cell signaling. This gene has pseudogenes on chromosomes 20 and 22. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for SOCS2 Gene
SOCS2 (Suppressor Of Cytokine Signaling 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SOCS2 include Essential Thrombocythemia and Vertebral Artery Occlusion. Among its related pathways are Common Cytokine Receptor Gamma-Chain Family Signaling Pathways and Regulation of lipid metabolism Insulin signaling-generic cascades. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include SH3/SH2 adaptor activity and insulin-like growth factor receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is CISH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOCS2 Gene
SOCS family proteins form part of a classical negative feedback system that regulates cytokine signal transduction. SOCS2 appears to be a negative regulator in the growth hormone/IGF1 signaling pathway. Probable substrate recognition component of a SCF-like ECS (Elongin BC-CUL2/5-SOCS-box protein) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex which mediates the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins.