Aliases for SNAI2 Gene
External Ids for SNAI2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SNAI2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SNAI2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Snail family of C2H2-type zinc finger transcription factors. The encoded protein acts as a transcriptional repressor that binds to E-box motifs and is also likely to repress E-cadherin transcription in breast carcinoma. This protein is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transitions and has antiapoptotic activity. Mutations in this gene may be associated with sporatic cases of neural tube defects. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SNAI2 Gene
SNAI2 (Snail Family Transcriptional Repressor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SNAI2 include Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 2D and Piebald Trait. Among its related pathways are Adherens junction and TGF-B Signaling in Thyroid Cells for Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and proximal promoter DNA-binding transcription repressor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific. An important paralog of this gene is SNAI1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SNAI2 Gene
Transcriptional repressor that modulates both activator-dependent and basal transcription. Involved in the generation and migration of neural crest cells. Plays a role in mediating RAF1-induced transcriptional repression of the TJ protein, occludin (OCLN) and subsequent oncogenic transformation of epithelial cells (By similarity). Represses BRCA2 expression by binding to its E2-box-containing silencer and recruiting CTBP1 and HDAC1 in breast cells. In epidermal keratinocytes, binds to the E-box in ITGA3 promoter and represses its transcription. Involved in the regulation of ITGB1 and ITGB4 expression and cell adhesion and proliferation in epidermal keratinocytes. Binds to E-box2 domain of BSG and activates its expression during TGFB1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocytes. Represses E-Cadherin/CDH1 transcription via E-box elements. Involved in osteoblast maturation. Binds to RUNX2 and SOC9 promoters and may act as a positive and negative transcription regulator, respectively, in osteoblasts. Binds to CXCL12 promoter via E-box regions in mesenchymal stem cells and osteoblasts. Plays an essential role in TWIST1-induced EMT and its ability to promote invasion and metastasis.