Aliases for SNAI2 Gene
External Ids for SNAI2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SNAI2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SNAI2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Snail family of C2H2-type zinc finger transcription factors. The encoded protein acts as a transcriptional repressor that binds to E-box motifs and is also likely to repress E-cadherin transcription in breast carcinoma. This protein is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transitions and has antiapoptotic activity. Mutations in this gene may be associated with sporatic cases of neural tube defects. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SNAI2 Gene
SNAI2 (Snail Family Transcriptional Repressor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SNAI2 include Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 2D and Piebald Trait. Among its related pathways are Direct p53 effectors and Hippo signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and proximal promoter DNA-binding transcription repressor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific. An important paralog of this gene is SNAI1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SNAI2 Gene
Transcriptional repressor that modulates both activator-dependent and basal transcription. Involved in the generation and migration of neural crest cells. Plays a role in mediating RAF1-induced transcriptional repression of the TJ protein, occludin (OCLN) and subsequent oncogenic transformation of epithelial cells (By similarity). Represses BRCA2 expression by binding to its E2-box-containing silencer and recruiting CTBP1 and HDAC1 in breast cells. In epidermal keratinocytes, binds to the E-box in ITGA3 promoter and represses its transcription. Involved in the regulation of ITGB1 and ITGB4 expression and cell adhesion and proliferation in epidermal keratinocytes. Binds to E-box2 domain of BSG and activates its expression during TGFB1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocytes. Represses E-Cadherin/CDH1 transcription via E-box elements. Involved in osteoblast maturation. Binds to RUNX2 and SOC9 promoters and may act as a positive and negative transcription regulator, respectively, in osteoblasts. Binds to CXCL12 promoter via E-box regions in mesenchymal stem cells and osteoblasts. Plays an essential role in TWIST1-induced EMT and its ability to promote invasion and metastasis.