Aliases for SLX4 Gene
External Ids for SLX4 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SLX4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLX4 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that functions as an assembly component of multiple structure-specific endonucleases. These endonuclease complexes are required for repair of specific types of DNA lesions and critical for cellular responses to replication fork failure. Mutations in this gene were found in patients with Fanconi anemia. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]
GeneCards Summary for SLX4 Gene
SLX4 (SLX4 Structure-Specific Endonuclease Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLX4 include Fanconi Anemia, Complementation Group P and Fanconi Anemia, Complementation Group A. Among its related pathways are Resolution of D-loop Structures through Holliday Junction Intermediates and Homologous DNA Pairing and Strand Exchange. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme activator activity and 5'-flap endonuclease activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SLX4 Gene
Regulatory subunit that interacts with and increases the activity of different structure-specific endonucleases. Has several distinct roles in protecting genome stability by resolving diverse forms of deleterious DNA structures originating from replication and recombination intermediates and from DNA damage. Component of the SLX1-SLX4 structure-specific endonuclease that resolves DNA secondary structures generated during DNA repair and recombination. Has endonuclease activity towards branched DNA substrates, introducing single-strand cuts in duplex DNA close to junctions with ss-DNA. Has a preference for 5'-flap structures, and promotes symmetrical cleavage of static and migrating Holliday junctions (HJs). Resolves HJs by generating two pairs of ligatable, nicked duplex products. Interacts with the structure-specific ERCC4-ERCC1 endonuclease and promotes the cleavage of bubble structures. Interacts with the structure-specific MUS81-EME1 endonuclease and promotes the cleavage of 3'-flap and replication fork-like structures. SLX4 is required for recovery from alkylation-induced DNA damage and is involved in the resolution of DNA double-strand breaks.