Aliases for SLC8A3 Gene
External Ids for SLC8A3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC8A3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the sodium/calcium exchanger integral membrane protein family. Na+/Ca2+ exchange proteins are involved in maintaining Ca2+ homeostasis in a wide variety of cell types. The protein is regulated by intracellular calcium ions and is found in both the plasma membrane and intracellular organellar membranes, where exchange of Na+ for Ca2+ occurs in an electrogenic manner. Alternative splicing has been observed for this gene and multiple variants have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
GeneCards Summary for SLC8A3 Gene
SLC8A3 (Solute Carrier Family 8 Member A3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC8A3 include Spastic Paraplegia 24, Autosomal Recessive and Epilepsy With Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds and Collagen chain trimerization. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and calcium:cation antiporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC8A1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SLC8A3 Gene
Mediates the electrogenic exchange of Ca(2+) against Na(+) ions across the cell membrane, and thereby contributes to the regulation of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels and Ca(2+)-dependent cellular processes. Contributes to cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis in excitable cells, both in muscle and in brain. In a first phase, voltage-gated channels mediate the rapid increase of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels due to release of Ca(2+) stores from the endoplasmic reticulum. SLC8A3 mediates the export of Ca(2+) from the cell during the next phase, so that cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels rapidly return to baseline. Contributes to Ca(2+) transport during excitation-contraction coupling in muscle. In neurons, contributes to the rapid decrease of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels back to baseline after neuronal activation, and thereby contributes to modulate synaptic plasticity, learning and memory (By similarity). Required for normal oligodendrocyte differentiation and for normal myelination (PubMed:21959935). Mediates Ca(2+) efflux from mitochondria and contributes to mitochondrial Ca(2+) ion homeostasis (By similarity).
The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is a low affinity, high capacitance calcium antiporter membrane protein that functions to regulate intracellular calcium concentrations. It is located on the plasma, mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticular membranes of excitable cells.