Aliases for SLC8A1 Gene
External Ids for SLC8A1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SLC8A1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC8A1 Gene
In cardiac myocytes, Ca(2+) concentrations alternate between high levels during contraction and low levels during relaxation. The increase in Ca(2+) concentration during contraction is primarily due to release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores. However, some Ca(2+) also enters the cell through the sarcolemma (plasma membrane). During relaxation, Ca(2+) is sequestered within the intracellular stores. To prevent overloading of intracellular stores, the Ca(2+) that entered across the sarcolemma must be extruded from the cell. The Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger is the primary mechanism by which the Ca(2+) is extruded from the cell during relaxation. In the heart, the exchanger may play a key role in digitalis action. The exchanger is the dominant mechanism in returning the cardiac myocyte to its resting state following excitation.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2004]
GeneCards Summary for SLC8A1 Gene
SLC8A1 (Solute Carrier Family 8 Member A1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC8A1 include Long Qt Syndrome 9 and Aromatase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and Cardiac conduction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and cytoskeletal protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is SLC8A3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SLC8A1 Gene
Mediates the exchange of one Ca(2+) ion against three to four Na(+) ions across the cell membrane, and thereby contributes to the regulation of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels and Ca(2+)-dependent cellular processes (PubMed:1374913, PubMed:11241183, PubMed:1476165). Contributes to Ca(2+) transport during excitation-contraction coupling in muscle. In a first phase, voltage-gated channels mediate the rapid increase of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels due to release of Ca(2+) stores from the endoplasmic reticulum. SLC8A1 mediates the export of Ca(2+) from the cell during the next phase, so that cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels rapidly return to baseline. Required for normal embryonic heart development and the onset of heart contractions.
The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is a low affinity, high capacitance calcium antiporter membrane protein that functions to regulate intracellular calcium concentrations. It is located on the plasma, mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticular membranes of excitable cells.