Aliases for SLC1A3 Gene
External Ids for SLC1A3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC1A3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of a member of a high affinity glutamate transporter family. This gene functions in the termination of excitatory neurotransmission in central nervous system. Mutations are associated with episodic ataxia, Type 6. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]
GeneCards Summary for SLC1A3 Gene
SLC1A3 (Solute Carrier Family 1 Member 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC1A3 include Episodic Ataxia, Type 6 and Alternating Hemiplegia Of Childhood. Among its related pathways are Neurotransmitter Release Cycle and Transmission across Chemical Synapses. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include amino acid binding and glutamate binding. An important paralog of this gene is SLC1A6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SLC1A3 Gene
Sodium-dependent, high-affinity amino acid transporter that mediates the uptake of L-glutamate and also L-aspartate and D-aspartate (PubMed:7521911, PubMed:8123008, PubMed:20477940, PubMed:26690923, PubMed:28032905, PubMed:28424515). Functions as a symporter that transports one amino acid molecule together with two or three Na(+) ions and one proton, in parallel with the counter-transport of one K(+) ion (PubMed:20477940). Mediates Cl(-) flux that is not coupled to amino acid transport; this avoids the accumulation of negative charges due to aspartate and Na(+) symport (PubMed:20477940). Plays a redundant role in the rapid removal of released glutamate from the synaptic cleft, which is essential for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate (By similarity).
Glutamate transporters, also known as excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs), are sodium- and potassium-dependent members of the solute carrier family 6 (SLC1), widely distributed throughout the brain. There are five EAAT subtypes, each with a specific distribution.