Aliases for SLC16A1 Gene
External Ids for SLC16A1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC16A1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a proton-linked monocarboxylate transporter that catalyzes the movement of many monocarboxylates, such as lactate and pyruvate, across the plasma membrane. Mutations in this gene are associated with erythrocyte lactate transporter defect. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for SLC16A1 Gene
SLC16A1 (Solute Carrier Family 16 Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC16A1 include Erythrocyte Lactate Transporter Defect and Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Blood-Brain Barrier and Immune Cell Transmigration: Pathways Overview and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and monocarboxylic acid transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC16A7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SLC16A1 Gene
Proton-coupled monocarboxylate transporter. Catalyzes the rapid transport across the plasma membrane of many monocarboxylates such as lactate, pyruvate, branched-chain oxo acids derived from leucine, valine and isoleucine, and the ketone bodies acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate and acetate. Depending on the tissue and on cicumstances, mediates the import or export of lactic acid and ketone bodies. Required for normal nutrient assimilation, increase of white adipose tissue and body weight gain when on a high-fat diet. Plays a role in cellular responses to a high-fat diet by modulating the cellular levels of lactate and pyruvate, small molecules that contribute to the regulation of central metabolic pathways and insulin secretion, with concomitant effects on plasma insulin levels and blood glucose homeostasis.
Monocarboxylate transporters (MCT) catalyze the bidirectional proton-linked transport of short-chain monocarboxylates such as L-lactate, ketone bodies and pyruvate across the plasma membrane of mammalian cells. MCT1-4 are key in the regulation of many cellular processes.