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Aliases for SKIL Gene

Aliases for SKIL Gene

  • SKI Like Proto-Oncogene 2 3 5
  • SKI-Like Oncogene 2 3
  • SNO 3 4
  • Ski-Related Oncogene SnoN 3
  • Ski-Related Oncogene 4
  • Ski-Related Protein 4
  • Ski-Like Protein 3
  • SnoA 3
  • SnoI 3
  • SnoN 3

External Ids for SKIL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SKIL Gene

  • GC03P167219
  • GC03P171126
  • GC03P171479
  • GC03P171398
  • GC03P171396
  • GC03P171558
  • GC03P170075
  • GC03P167445

Summaries for SKIL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SKIL Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the SMAD pathway, which regulates cell growth and differentiation through transforming growth factor-beta (TGFB). In the absence of ligand, the encoded protein binds to the promoter region of TGFB-responsive genes and recruits a nuclear repressor complex. TGFB signaling causes SMAD3 to enter the nucleus and degrade this protein, allowing these genes to be activated. Four transcript variants encoding three different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]

GeneCards Summary for SKIL Gene

SKIL (SKI Like Proto-Oncogene) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SKIL include Shoulder Impingement Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Transcriptional Regulatory Network in Embryonic Stem Cell. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is SKI.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SKIL Gene

  • May have regulatory role in cell division or differentiation in response to extracellular signals.

Gene Wiki entry for SKIL Gene

Additional gene information for SKIL Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SKIL Gene

Genomics for SKIL Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for SKIL Gene

Promoters and enhancers for SKIL Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J170352 Promoter/Enhancer 2.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 665.5 0.0 -16 9.7 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZBTB7B IRF4 YY1 SKIL MYNN SEC62-AS1 PHC3 ACTRT3 RPL22L1 ENSG00000239628 GPR160 ENSG00000242578
GH03J170329 Enhancer 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13 -26.9 -26883 2.2 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 SLC30A9 FOS RXRA SP5 SKIL ENSG00000239628 GC03P170298
GH03J169952 Enhancer 0.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl dbSUPER 21.1 -405.2 -405195 0.6 ATF2 SKIL LRRC31 SAMD7 LRRC34 LRRIQ4 SEC62 ENSG00000244193 ENSG00000239219 LOC100128164
GH03J170309 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.1 -47.3 -47331 1.1 FOXA2 RB1 RAD21 RFX5 GTF3C2 EGR1 ARID2 ZNF143 RCOR1 BCLAF1 MYNN SEC62-AS1 PHC3 SKIL RPL22L1 ENSG00000242578 GPR160 GC03P170298 ENSG00000239628
GH03J170319 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.3 -36.8 -36794 2.2 NCOA3 ESRRA NFIB NEUROD1 BMI1 RFX5 CTBP1 GATA3 ELK1 FOS SKIL ENSG00000239628 GC03P170298
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around SKIL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the SKIL gene promoter:
  • Sp1

Genomic Locations for SKIL Gene

Genomic Locations for SKIL Gene
39,172 bases
Plus strand
39,158 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SKIL Gene

Genes around SKIL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SKIL Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SKIL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SKIL Gene

Proteins for SKIL Gene

  • Protein details for SKIL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Ski-like protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NGT1
    • B4DT50
    • O00464
    • P12756
    • Q07501

    Protein attributes for SKIL Gene

    684 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    76976 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CPNE4 (via VWFA domain) (By similarity). Interacts with SMAD2, SMAD3 and RNF111 (PubMed:17591695). Isoform 1 interacts with WWP1 (PubMed:15221015).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SKIL Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SKIL Gene


neXtProt entry for SKIL Gene

Post-translational modifications for SKIL Gene

  • Ubiquitinated by RNF111 and RNF165, promoting proteasomal degradation, leading to enhance the BMP-Smad signaling.
  • Ubiquitination at posLast=423423 and isoforms=5, 2, 4, 3249
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SKIL Gene

Domains & Families for SKIL Gene

Gene Families for SKIL Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SKIL Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the SKI family.
  • Belongs to the SKI family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SKIL: view

Function for SKIL Gene

Molecular function for SKIL Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May have regulatory role in cell division or differentiation in response to extracellular signals.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for SKIL Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SKIL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000978 RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 10531062
GO:0000981 RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding NAS 19274049
GO:0001078 transcriptional repressor activity, RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 10531062
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10049357
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SKIL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SKIL: view

Animal Models for SKIL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SKIL:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SKIL Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SKIL

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for SKIL

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for SKIL

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SKIL Gene

Localization for SKIL Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SKIL gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
extracellular 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SKIL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001669 acrosomal vesicle IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0032991 protein-containing complex IDA 23610558
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SKIL: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SKIL Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SKIL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SKIL: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for SKIL Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SKIL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II TAS --
GO:0001825 blastocyst formation IEA --
GO:0002260 lymphocyte homeostasis IEA --
GO:0007050 cell cycle arrest IEA --
GO:0007179 transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SKIL: view

Drugs & Compounds for SKIL Gene

(1) Drugs for SKIL Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for SKIL Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SKIL: view

Transcripts for SKIL Gene

Unigene Clusters for SKIL Gene

SKI-like oncogene:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for SKIL

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for SKIL

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SKIL Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for SKIL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SKIL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SKIL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SKIL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix (68.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for SKIL Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SKIL Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SKIL Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SKIL Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SKIL Gene:

Tissue specificity: Isoform SNON and isoform SNOA are widely expressed. Highest expression is found in skeletal muscle, followed by placenta and lung. Lowest expression in heart, brain and pancreas. Isoform SNOI expression is restricted to skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SKIL Gene

  • Kidney(4.5)
  • Heart(4.3)
  • Muscle(2.2)
  • Lung(2.1)
  • Nervous system(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SKIL: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SKIL Gene

Orthologs for SKIL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SKIL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SKIL 34 33
  • 99.51 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SKIL 34 33
  • 91.26 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SKIL 34 33
  • 90.63 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Skil 33
  • 85.62 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Skil 16 34 33
  • 85.48 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SKIL 34
  • 73 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SKIL 34
  • 71 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SKIL 34 33
  • 75.16 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SKIL 34
  • 72 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia skil 33
  • 70.51 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100007653 33
  • 54.7 (n)
skila 34
  • 49 (a)
skilb 34
  • 44 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7233 35
  • 46 (a)
Snoo 34
  • 16 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SKIL was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for SKIL Gene

Gene Tree for SKIL (if available)
Gene Tree for SKIL (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for SKIL: view image

Paralogs for SKIL Gene

Paralogs for SKIL Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SKIL Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

  • C9J8R9_HUMAN
  • H7C4V3_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SKIL: view

Variants for SKIL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SKIL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs193920870 uncertain-significance, Malignant tumor of prostate 170,361,273(+) A/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000055950 -- 170,385,165(+) A/G intron_variant
rs1000072585 -- 170,378,979(+) T/A intron_variant
rs1000124364 -- 170,369,293(+) C/G intron_variant
rs1000148624 -- 170,357,013(+) G/A/T upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SKIL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1073694 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1109562 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1136372 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv519286 CNV loss 19592680
nsv7356 OTHER inversion 18451855

Variation tolerance for SKIL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 39.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.20; 39.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for SKIL Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SKIL Gene

Disorders for SKIL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for SKIL Gene - From: HGMD and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
shoulder impingement syndrome
  • impingement syndrome of shoulder region
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SKIL in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for SKIL

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
Tumor Gene Database
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SKIL: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SKIL Gene

Publications for SKIL Gene

  1. Arkadia activates Smad3/Smad4-dependent transcription by triggering signal-induced SnoN degradation. (PMID: 17591695) Levy L … Hill CS (Molecular and cellular biology 2007) 3 4 22 58
  2. Negative regulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling by WW domain-containing protein 1 (WWP1). (PMID: 15221015) Komuro A … Miyazawa K (Oncogene 2004) 3 4 22 58
  3. Proto-oncogene Sno expression, alternative isoforms and immediate early serum response. (PMID: 9207045) Pearson-White S … Crittenden R (Nucleic acids research 1997) 3 4 22 58
  4. SnoI, a novel alternatively spliced isoform of the ski protooncogene homolog, sno. (PMID: 8233802) Pearson-White S (Nucleic acids research 1993) 3 4 22 58
  5. Isolation of human cDNA clones of ski and the ski-related gene, sno. (PMID: 2762147) Nomura N … Ishizaki R (Nucleic acids research 1989) 2 3 4 58

Products for SKIL Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for SKIL

Sources for SKIL Gene

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