Aliases for SIRT7 Gene
External Ids for SIRT7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SIRT7 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the sirtuin family of proteins, homologs to the yeast Sir2 protein. Members of the sirtuin family are characterized by a sirtuin core domain and grouped into four classes. The functions of human sirtuins have not yet been determined; however, yeast sirtuin proteins are known to regulate epigenetic gene silencing and suppress recombination of rDNA. Studies suggest that the human sirtuins may function as intracellular regulatory proteins with mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. The protein encoded by this gene is included in class IV of the sirtuin family. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for SIRT7 Gene
SIRT7 (Sirtuin 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SIRT7 include Monckeberg Arteriosclerosis and Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 11. Among its related pathways are NAD metabolism and DNA damage_NHEJ mechanisms of DSBs repair. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and NAD-dependent histone deacetylase activity (H3-K18 specific). An important paralog of this gene is SIRT6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SIRT7 Gene
NAD-dependent protein-lysine deacylase that can act both as a deacetylase or deacylase (desuccinylase, depropionylase and deglutarylase), depending on the context (PubMed:22722849, PubMed:26907567, PubMed:30653310, PubMed:31542297). Specifically mediates deacetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-18' (H3K18Ac) (PubMed:22722849, PubMed:30420520). In contrast to other histone deacetylases, displays strong preference for a specific histone mark, H3K18Ac, directly linked to control of gene expression (PubMed:22722849, PubMed:30653310). H3K18Ac is mainly present around the transcription start site of genes and has been linked to activation of nuclear hormone receptors; SIRT7 thereby acts as a transcription repressor (PubMed:22722849). Moreover, H3K18 hypoacetylation has been reported as a marker of malignancy in various cancers and seems to maintain the transformed phenotype of cancer cells (PubMed:22722849). Also able to mediate deacetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-36' (H3K36Ac) in the context of nucleosomes (PubMed:30653310). Also mediates deacetylation of non-histone proteins, such as ATM, CDK9, DDX21, DDB1, FBL, FKBP5/FKBP51, GABPB1, RAN, RRP9/U3-55K and POLR1E/PAF53 (PubMed:24207024, PubMed:26867678, PubMed:28147277, PubMed:28886238, PubMed:28426094, PubMed:30540930, PubMed:31075303, PubMed:30944854, PubMed:28790157). Enriched in nucleolus where it stimulates transcription activity of the RNA polymerase I complex (PubMed:16618798, PubMed:19174463, PubMed:24207024). Acts by mediating the deacetylation of the RNA polymerase I subunit POLR1E/PAF53, thereby promoting the association of RNA polymerase I with the rDNA promoter region and coding region (PubMed:16618798, PubMed:19174463, PubMed:24207024). In response to metabolic stress, SIRT7 is released from nucleoli leading to hyperacetylation of POLR1E/PAF53 and decreased RNA polymerase I transcription (PubMed:24207024). Required to restore the transcription of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) at the exit from mitosis (PubMed:19174463). Promotes pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) cleavage at the 5'-terminal processing site by mediating deacetylation of RRP9/U3-55K, a core subunit of the U3 snoRNP complex (PubMed:26867678). Mediates 'Lys-37' deacetylation of Ran, thereby regulating the nuclear export of NF-kappa-B subunit RELA/p65 (PubMed:31075303). Acts as a regulator of DNA damage repair by mediating deacetylation of ATM during the late stages of DNA damage response, promoting ATM dephosphorylation and deactivation (PubMed:30944854). Suppresses the activity of the DCX (DDB1-CUL4-X-box) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes by mediating deacetylation of DDB1, which prevents the interaction between DDB1 and CUL4 (CUL4A or CUL4B) (PubMed:28886238). Activates RNA polymerase II transcription by mediating deacetylation of CDK9, thereby promoting 'Ser-2' phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (PubMed:28426094). Deacetylates FBL, promoting histone-glutamine methyltransferase activity of FBL (PubMed:30540930). Acts as a regulator of mitochondrial function by catalyzing deacetylation of GABPB1 (By similarity). Regulates Akt/AKT1 activity by mediating deacetylation of FKBP5/FKBP51 (PubMed:28147277). Required to prevent R-loop-associated DNA damage and transcription-associated genomic instability by mediating deacetylation and subsequent activation of DDX21, thereby overcoming R-loop-mediated stalling of RNA polymerases (PubMed:28790157). In addition to protein deacetylase activity, also acts as protein-lysine deacylase (PubMed:27436229, PubMed:27997115, PubMed:31542297). Acts as a protein depropionylase by mediating depropionylation of Osterix (SP7), thereby regulating bone formation by osteoblasts (By similarity). Acts as a histone deglutarylase by mediating deglutarylation of histone H4 on 'Lys-91' (H4K91glu); a mark that destabilizes nucleosomes by promoting dissociation of the H2A-H2B dimers from nucleosomes (PubMed:31542297). Acts as a histone desuccinylase: in response to DNA damage, recruited to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and catalyzes desuccinylation of histone H3 on 'Lys-122' (H3K122succ), thereby promoting chromatin condensation and DSB repair (PubMed:27436229). Also promotes DSB repair by promoting H3K18Ac deacetylation, regulating non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) (By similarity). Along with its role in DNA repair, required for chromosome synapsis during prophase I of female meiosis by catalyzing H3K18Ac deacetylation (By similarity). Involved in transcriptional repression of LINE-1 retrotransposon via H3K18Ac deacetylation, and promotes their association with the nuclear lamina (PubMed:31226208). Required to stabilize ribosomal DNA (rDNA) heterochromatin and prevent cellular senescence induced by rDNA instability (PubMed:29728458). Acts as a negative regulator of SIRT1 by preventing autodeacetylation of SIRT1, restricting SIRT1 deacetylase activity (By similarity).
Silent information regulator (Sir2)-like family deacetylases (also known as sirtuins) are a group of enzymes closely related to histone deacetylases. These enzymes can be found in the cytoplasm, mitochondria or nucleus of the cell and are ubiquitously expressed.