Aliases for SIGLEC12 Gene
External Ids for SIGLEC12 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SIGLEC12 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SIGLEC12 Gene
Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (SIGLECs) are a family of cell surface proteins belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. They mediate protein-carbohydrate interactions by selectively binding to different sialic acid moieties present on glycolipids and glycoproteins. This gene encodes a member of the SIGLEC3-like subfamily of SIGLECs. Members of this subfamily are characterized by an extracellular V-set immunoglobulin-like domain followed by two C2-set immunoglobulin-like domains, and the cytoplasmic tyrosine-based motifs ITIM and SLAM-like. The encoded protein, upon tyrosine phosphorylation, has been shown to recruit the Src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatases SHP1 and SHP2. It has been suggested that the protein is involved in the negative regulation of macrophage signaling by functioning as an inhibitory receptor. This gene is located in a cluster with other SIGLEC3-like genes on 19q13.4. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
GeneCards Summary for SIGLEC12 Gene
SIGLEC12 (Sialic Acid Binding Ig Like Lectin 12) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SIGLEC12 include Mucocele Of Salivary Gland and Sialolithiasis. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is SIGLEC7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SIGLEC12 Gene
Putative adhesion molecule that mediates sialic-acid dependent binding to cells. The sialic acid recognition site may be masked by cis interactions with sialic acids on the same cell surface.