Aliases for SETMAR Gene
External Ids for SETMAR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SETMAR Gene
This gene encodes a fusion protein that contains an N-terminal histone-lysine N-methyltransferase domain and a C-terminal mariner transposase domain. The encoded protein binds DNA and functions in DNA repair activities including non-homologous end joining and double strand break repair. The SET domain portion of this protein specifically methylates histone H3 lysines 4 and 36. This gene exists as a fusion gene only in anthropoid primates, other organisms lack mariner transposase domain. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2013]
GeneCards Summary for SETMAR Gene
SETMAR (SET Domain And Mariner Transposase Fusion Gene) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SETMAR include Meier-Gorlin Syndrome 1 and Fanconi Anemia, Complementation Group A. Among its related pathways are Lysine degradation and PKMTs methylate histone lysines. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and single-stranded DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is GVQW3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SETMAR Gene
Protein derived from the fusion of a methylase with the transposase of an Hsmar1 transposon that plays a role in DNA double-strand break repair, stalled replication fork restart and DNA integration. DNA-binding protein, it is indirectly recruited to sites of DNA damage through protein-protein interactions. Has also kept a sequence-specific DNA-binding activity recognizing the 19-mer core of the 5'-terminal inverted repeats (TIRs) of the Hsmar1 element and displays a DNA nicking and end joining activity (PubMed:16332963, PubMed:16672366, PubMed:17877369, PubMed:17403897, PubMed:18263876, PubMed:22231448, PubMed:24573677, PubMed:20521842). In parallel, has a histone methyltransferase activity and methylates 'Lys-4' and 'Lys-36' of histone H3. Specifically mediates dimethylation of H3 'Lys-36' at sites of DNA double-strand break and may recruit proteins required for efficient DSB repair through non-homologous end-joining (PubMed:16332963, PubMed:21187428, PubMed:22231448). Also regulates replication fork processing, promoting replication fork restart and regulating DNA decatenation through stimulation of the topoisomerase activity of TOP2A (PubMed:18790802, PubMed:20457750).