Aliases for SCP2 Gene
External Ids for SCP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SCP2 Gene
This gene encodes two proteins: sterol carrier protein X (SCPx) and sterol carrier protein 2 (SCP2), as a result of transcription initiation from 2 independently regulated promoters. The transcript initiated from the proximal promoter encodes the longer SCPx protein, and the transcript initiated from the distal promoter encodes the shorter SCP2 protein, with the 2 proteins sharing a common C-terminus. Evidence suggests that the SCPx protein is a peroxisome-associated thiolase that is involved in the oxidation of branched chain fatty acids, while the SCP2 protein is thought to be an intracellular lipid transfer protein. This gene is highly expressed in organs involved in lipid metabolism, and may play a role in Zellweger syndrome, in which cells are deficient in peroxisomes and have impaired bile acid synthesis. Alternative splicing of this gene produces multiple transcript variants, some encoding different isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]
GeneCards Summary for SCP2 Gene
SCP2 (Sterol Carrier Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SCP2 include Leukoencephalopathy With Dystonia And Motor Neuropathy and Wheat Allergy. Among its related pathways are fatty acid beta-oxidation (peroxisome) and Peroxisome. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and cholesterol binding. An important paralog of this gene is SCP2D1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SCP2 Gene
[Isoform SCPx]: Plays a crucial role in the peroxisomal oxidation of branched-chain fatty acids (PubMed:10706581). Catalyzes the last step of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of branched chain fatty acids and the side chain of the bile acid intermediates di- and trihydroxycoprostanic acids (DHCA and THCA) (PubMed:10706581). Also active with medium and long straight chain 3-oxoacyl-CoAs. Stimulates the microsomal conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol and transfers phosphatidylcholine and 7-dehydrocholesterol between membrances, in vitro (By similarity). Isoforms SCP2 and SCPx cooperate in peroxisomal oxidation of certain naturally occurring tetramethyl-branched fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity).
[Isoform SCP2]: Mediates the transfer of all common phospholipids, cholesterol and gangliosides from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane. May play a role in regulating steroidogenesis (PubMed:17157249, PubMed:8300590, PubMed:7642518). Stimulates the microsomal conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol (By similarity). Also binds fatty acids and fatty acyl Coenzyme A (CoA) such as phytanoyl-CoA. Involved in the regulation phospholipid synthesis in endoplasmic reticulum enhancing the incorporation of exogenous fatty acid into glycerides. Seems to stimulate the rate-limiting step in phosphatidic acid formation mediated by GPAT3. Isoforms SCP2 and SCPx cooperate in peroxisomal oxidation of certain naturally occurring tetramethyl-branched fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity).