External Ids for SCIN Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SCIN Gene
SCIN is a Ca(2+)-dependent actin-severing and -capping protein (Zunino et al., 2001 [PubMed 11568009]).[supplied by OMIM, May 2010]
GeneCards Summary for SCIN Gene
SCIN (Scinderin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SCIN include Carbuncle and Ataxia, Sensory, 1, Autosomal Dominant. Among its related pathways are Regulation of actin cytoskeleton and Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and actin filament binding. An important paralog of this gene is GSN.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SCIN Gene
Ca(2+)-dependent actin filament-severing protein that has a regulatory function in exocytosis by affecting the organization of the microfilament network underneath the plasma membrane (PubMed:8547642, PubMed:26365202). Severing activity is inhibited by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bis-phosphate (PIP2) (By similarity). In vitro, also has barbed end capping and nucleating activities in the presence of Ca(2+). Required for megakaryocyte differentiation, maturation, polyploidization and apoptosis with the release of platelet-like particles (PubMed:11568009). Plays a role in osteoclastogenesis (OCG) and actin cytoskeletal organization in osteoclasts (By similarity). Regulates chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation (By similarity). Inhibits cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Signaling is mediated by MAPK, p38 and JNK pathways (PubMed:11568009).