Aliases for SAAL1 Gene

Aliases for SAAL1 Gene

  • Serum Amyloid A Like 1 2 3 5
  • Synoviocyte Proliferation-Associated In Collagen-Induced Arthritis Protein 1 3 4
  • Protein SAAL1 3 4
  • SPACIA1 3 4
  • Synoviocyte Proliferation-Associated In Collagen-Induced Arthritis 1 3

External Ids for SAAL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SAAL1 Gene

  • GC11M018059
  • GC11M017784

Summaries for SAAL1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for SAAL1 Gene

SAAL1 (Serum Amyloid A Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding. An important paralog of this gene is SAA1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for SAAL1 Gene

  • Plays a role in promoting the proliferation of synovial fibroblasts in response to proinflammatory stimuli.

Additional gene information for SAAL1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for SAAL1 Gene

Genomics for SAAL1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for SAAL1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for SAAL1 Gene
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around SAAL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the SAAL1 gene promoter:
  • Brachyury
  • c-Myc
  • FOXD3
  • FOXJ2
  • FOXJ2 (long isoform)
  • HOXA5
  • HOXA9
  • HOXA9B
  • Max1
  • TBP

Genomic Locations for SAAL1 Gene

Genomic Locations for SAAL1 Gene
36,157 bases
Minus strand
36,157 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SAAL1 Gene

Genes around SAAL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SAAL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SAAL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SAAL1 Gene

Proteins for SAAL1 Gene

  • Protein details for SAAL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein SAAL1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NH05

    Protein attributes for SAAL1 Gene

    474 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53558 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for SAAL1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SAAL1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys209 and Lys254
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SAAL1 Gene

Domains & Families for SAAL1 Gene

Gene Families for SAAL1 Gene

Protein Domains for SAAL1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SAAL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Protein SAAL1 (SAAL1_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the SAAL1 family.
  • Belongs to the SAAL1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SAAL1: view

Function for SAAL1 Gene

Molecular function for SAAL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a role in promoting the proliferation of synovial fibroblasts in response to proinflammatory stimuli.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for SAAL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SAAL1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SAAL1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SAAL1

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for SAAL1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SAAL1 Gene

Localization for SAAL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SAAL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SAAL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
extracellular 3
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SAAL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA 21873635
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SAAL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for SAAL1 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for SAAL1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SAAL1 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for SAAL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SAAL1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for SAAL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SAAL1 Gene

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for SAAL1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SAAL1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - -

Relevant External Links for SAAL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SAAL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for SAAL1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SAAL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (56.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for SAAL1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SAAL1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SAAL1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SAAL1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SAAL1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in testis and ovary, and to a lesser extent in the lung, spleen and the heart (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for SAAL1 Gene

  • Liver(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SAAL1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for SAAL1 Gene

Orthologs for SAAL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for SAAL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SAAL1 33 32
  • 99.58 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SAAL1 33 32
  • 91.49 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SAAL1 33 32
  • 90.49 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Saal1 17 33 32
  • 82.28 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC691143 32
  • 82.21 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SAAL1 33
  • 74 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SAAL1 33
  • 72 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SAAL1 33 32
  • 72.73 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SAAL1 33
  • 63 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia saal1 32
  • 59.71 (n)
Str.3398 32
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.7504 32
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii saal1 33 32
  • 57.25 (n)
zgc55505 32
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 33
  • 23 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SAAL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for SAAL1 Gene

Gene Tree for SAAL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for SAAL1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for SAAL1: view image

Paralogs for SAAL1 Gene

Paralogs for SAAL1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SAAL1 Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

  • E9PL53_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SAAL1: view

Variants for SAAL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SAAL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000105033 -- 18,105,527(-) T/C intron_variant
rs1000141027 -- 18,105,206(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000169912 -- 18,086,797(-) G/T intron_variant
rs1000412021 -- 18,098,975(-) T/C intron_variant
rs1000508834 -- 18,095,155(-) T/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SAAL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1672n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv3625486 CNV gain 21293372
nsv553606 CNV loss 21841781

Variation tolerance for SAAL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 62.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.38; 85.48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for SAAL1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SAAL1 Gene

Disorders for SAAL1 Gene

Additional Disease Information for SAAL1

No disorders were found for SAAL1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SAAL1 Gene

Publications for SAAL1 Gene

  1. Overexpression of SPACIA1/SAAL1, a newly identified gene that is involved in synoviocyte proliferation, accelerates the progression of synovitis in mice and humans. (PMID: 22127701) Sato T … Nakajima T (Arthritis and rheumatism 2011) 3 4 56
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 56
  3. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 56
  4. RNA-binding activity of TRIM25 is mediated by its PRY/SPRY domain and is required for ubiquitination. (PMID: 29117863) Choudhury NR … Michlewski G (BMC biology 2017) 3 56
  5. Cell cycle-dependent phosphorylation regulates RECQL4 pathway choice and ubiquitination in DNA double-strand break repair. (PMID: 29229926) Lu H … Bohr VA (Nature communications 2017) 3 56

Products for SAAL1 Gene

Sources for SAAL1 Gene