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Aliases for RPL22 Gene

Aliases for RPL22 Gene

  • Ribosomal Protein L22 2 3 5
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Small RNA-Associated Protein 3 4
  • Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein EL22 3 4
  • Heparin-Binding Protein HBp15 3 4
  • EBER-Associated Protein 3 4
  • EAP 3 4
  • Epstein-Barr-Encoded RNA-Associated Protein 3
  • Heparin-Binding Protein 15 3
  • 60S Ribosomal Protein L22 3
  • HBP15/L22 3
  • HBP15 3
  • L22 3

External Ids for RPL22 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RPL22 Gene

  • GC01M005823
  • GC01M006053
  • GC01M005956
  • GC01M005955
  • GC01M005393

Summaries for RPL22 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RPL22 Gene

  • Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a cytoplasmic ribosomal protein that is a component of the 60S subunit. The protein belongs to the L22E family of ribosomal proteins. Its initiating methionine residue is post-translationally removed. The protein can bind specifically to Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNAs (EBERs) 1 and 2. The mouse protein has been shown to be capable of binding to heparin. Transcript variants utilizing alternative polyA signals exist. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed through the genome. It was previously thought that this gene mapped to 3q26 and that it was fused to the acute myeloid leukemia 1 (AML1) gene located at 21q22 in some therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome patients with 3;21 translocations; however, these fusions actually involve a ribosomal protein L22 pseudogene located at 3q26, and this gene actually maps to 1p36.3-p36.2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for RPL22 Gene

RPL22 (Ribosomal Protein L22) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Viral mRNA Translation and Influenza Viral RNA Transcription and Replication. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome. An important paralog of this gene is RPL22L1.

Gene Wiki entry for RPL22 Gene

Additional gene information for RPL22 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RPL22 Gene

Genomics for RPL22 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for RPL22 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for RPL22 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01I006197 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.4 +10.0 10045 3.2 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 GC01M006194 RPL22 PHF13 RNF207 NOL9 ZBTB48 THAP3
GH01I006208 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 +0.2 166 1.2 HDGF HDAC1 ATF1 RB1 EGR1 ZNF143 RUNX3 CREM SMARCA5 ZBTB11 RPL22 RNF207 ICMT LOC102724450
GH01I006598 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 27.1 -392.8 -392823 6.9 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF213 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC SSRP1 KLHL21 PIR47122 THAP3 RPL22 ZBTB48 NOL9 PHF13 PIR44711
GH01I005990 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.8 +216.2 216222 4.6 HDGF PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS KLF13 NPHP4 KCNAB2 THAP3 TNFRSF25 PHF13 RPL22 ZBTB48 NOL9 CHD5 GC01M006038
GH01I006404 Enhancer 1 ENCODE 38.1 -195.4 -195447 0.2 ZNF493 ZFP64 ARID4B FEZF1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF213 ZNF302 ARID2 ZNF143 THAP3 NOL9 RPL22 CAMTA1-DT LOC102724450 PHF13 ZBTB48 CAMTA1 NPHP4 GC01M006398
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around RPL22 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the RPL22 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for RPL22 Gene

Genomic Locations for RPL22 Gene
28,121 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RPL22 Gene

Genes around RPL22 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RPL22 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RPL22 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RPL22 Gene

Proteins for RPL22 Gene

  • Protein details for RPL22 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    60S ribosomal protein L22
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R495
    • Q6IBD1

    Protein attributes for RPL22 Gene

    128 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14787 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Binds to Epstein-Barr virus small RNAs and to heparin.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for RPL22 Gene

neXtProt entry for RPL22 Gene

Post-translational modifications for RPL22 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=52, isoforms=69, and Lys107
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for RPL22 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RPL22 Gene

Domains & Families for RPL22 Gene

Gene Families for RPL22 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Ribosomal proteins

Protein Domains for RPL22 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RPL22 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eL22 family.
  • Belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eL22 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RPL22: view

Function for RPL22 Gene

Molecular function for RPL22 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
60S ribosomal protein L22,14kDa

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for RPL22 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RPL22 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IBA,TAS --
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome NAS,IEA 12962325
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11145900
GO:0008201 heparin binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RPL22: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RPL22: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for RPL22

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RPL22 Gene

Localization for RPL22 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RPL22 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleoli (2)
  • Nucleus (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RPL22 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 22720776
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 8135813
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005840 ribosome IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RPL22: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RPL22 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for RPL22 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RPL22: view

Pathways by source for RPL22 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for RPL22 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for RPL22 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for RPL22 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RPL22 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000184 nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process, nonsense-mediated decay TAS --
GO:0002181 cytoplasmic translation IBA --
GO:0006364 rRNA processing TAS --
GO:0006412 translation NAS,IEA 12962325
GO:0006413 translational initiation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RPL22: view

Drugs & Compounds for RPL22 Gene

(3) Drugs for RPL22 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Heparin Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist 905,282
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RPL22: view

Transcripts for RPL22 Gene

Unigene Clusters for RPL22 Gene

Ribosomal protein L22:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RPL22 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for RPL22 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RPL22 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RPL22 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RPL22 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (7.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for RPL22 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RPL22 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RPL22 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RPL22 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for RPL22 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Eye(4.8)
  • Liver(4.7)
  • Lung(4.3)
  • Intestine(4)
  • Kidney(3.6)
  • Skin(3.4)
  • Pancreas(3.2)
  • Heart(3.1)
  • Blood(3)
  • Muscle(2.7)
  • Spleen(2.5)
  • Stomach(2.4)
  • Thyroid gland(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RPL22: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RPL22 Gene

Orthologs for RPL22 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for RPL22 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RPL22 34 33
  • 100 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RPL22 34
  • 98 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RPL22 34
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RPL22 34 33
  • 92.19 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rpl22 33
  • 89.84 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RPL22 34 33
  • 89.32 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rpl22 16 34 33
  • 89.06 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RPL22 34 33
  • 81.79 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RPL22 34
  • 94 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.1774 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rpl22 34
  • 86 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9675 33
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005046 33
  • 64.58 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta RpL22 34 33
  • 62.54 (n)
RpL22-like 34
  • 18 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rpl-22 33 34
  • 60.54 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D05181g 33
  • 52.43 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ACR221W 33
  • 51.04 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RPL22A 33 34
  • 50 (n)
RPL22B 34
  • 43 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G05560 33
  • 65.65 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0343500 33
  • 64.97 (n)
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.4212 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.5709 34
  • 71 (a)
CSA.4506 34
  • 70 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes rpl22 33
  • 57.04 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06661 33
  • 50.17 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.14794 33
Species where no ortholog for RPL22 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RPL22 Gene

Gene Tree for RPL22 (if available)
Gene Tree for RPL22 (if available)

Paralogs for RPL22 Gene

Variants for RPL22 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RPL22 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000253798 -- 6,199,598(-) G/A 5_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000306208 -- 6,199,813(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000315948 -- 6,188,337(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1000346771 -- 6,188,678(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000460573 -- 6,194,793(-) T/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RPL22 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv545236 CNV loss 21841781
nsv831425 CNV loss 17160897
nsv945755 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for RPL22 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 52.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.02; 0.44% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for RPL22 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RPL22 Gene

Disorders for RPL22 Gene

Additional Disease Information for RPL22

No disorders were found for RPL22 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RPL22 Gene

Publications for RPL22 Gene

  1. A novel heparin-binding protein, HBp15, is identified as mammalian ribosomal protein L22. (PMID: 8135813) Fujita Y … Takada K (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 1994) 3 4 22 58
  2. EAP, a highly conserved cellular protein associated with Epstein-Barr virus small RNAs (EBERs). (PMID: 1846807) Toczyski DP … Steitz JA (The EMBO journal 1991) 3 4 22 58
  3. Multiple domains of EBER 1, an Epstein-Barr virus noncoding RNA, recruit human ribosomal protein L22. (PMID: 16556938) Fok V … Steitz JA (RNA (New York, N.Y.) 2006) 3 22 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for RPL22 Gene

Sources for RPL22 Gene

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