Aliases for RPL13A Gene
External Ids for RPL13A Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for RPL13A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RPL13A Gene
Ribosomes, the organelles that catalyze protein synthesis, consist of a small 40S subunit and a large 60S subunit. Together these subunits are composed of 4 RNA species and approximately 80 structurally distinct proteins. This gene encodes a member of the L13P family of ribosomal proteins that is a component of the 60S subunit. The encoded protein also plays a role in the repression of inflammatory genes as a component of the IFN-gamma-activated inhibitor of translation (GAIT) complex. This gene is co-transcribed with the small nucleolar RNA genes U32, U33, U34, and U35, which are located in the second, fourth, fifth, and sixth introns, respectively. As is typical for genes encoding ribosomal proteins, there are multiple processed pseudogenes of this gene dispersed throughout the genome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for RPL13A Gene
RPL13A (Ribosomal Protein L13a) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RPL13A include Spermatogenic Failure 2 and Spermatogenic Failure 1. Among its related pathways are rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol and Viral mRNA Translation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome. An important paralog of this gene is MRPL13.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RPL13A Gene
Associated with ribosomes but is not required for canonical ribosome function and has extra-ribosomal functions. Component of the GAIT (gamma interferon-activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma activation and subsequent phosphorylation dissociates from the ribosome and assembles into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3'-UTR of diverse inflammatory mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation. In the GAIT complex interacts with m7G cap-bound eIF4G at or near the eIF3-binding site and blocks the recruitment of the 43S ribosomal complex. Involved in methylation of rRNA.