Aliases for ROCK1 Gene
External Ids for ROCK1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ROCK1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein serine/threonine kinase that is activated when bound to the GTP-bound form of Rho. The small GTPase Rho regulates formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers of fibroblasts, as well as adhesion and aggregation of platelets and lymphocytes by shuttling between the inactive GDP-bound form and the active GTP-bound form. Rho is also essential in cytokinesis and plays a role in transcriptional activation by serum response factor. This protein, a downstream effector of Rho, phosphorylates and activates LIM kinase, which in turn, phosphorylates cofilin, inhibiting its actin-depolymerizing activity. A pseudogene, related to this gene, is also located on chromosome 18. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for ROCK1 Gene
ROCK1 (Rho Associated Coiled-Coil Containing Protein Kinase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ROCK1 include Breast Cancer and Pediatric Osteosarcoma. Among its related pathways are Integrin Pathway and Proteoglycans in cancer. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ROCK2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ROCK1 Gene
Protein kinase which is a key regulator of the actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity (PubMed:10436159, PubMed:10652353, PubMed:11018042, PubMed:11283607, PubMed:17158456, PubMed:18573880, PubMed:19131646, PubMed:8617235, PubMed:9722579). Involved in regulation of smooth muscle contraction, actin cytoskeleton organization, stress fiber and focal adhesion formation, neurite retraction, cell adhesion and motility via phosphorylation of DAPK3, GFAP, LIMK1, LIMK2, MYL9/MLC2, TPPP, PFN1 and PPP1R12A (PubMed:10436159, PubMed:10652353, PubMed:11018042, PubMed:11283607, PubMed:17158456, PubMed:18573880, PubMed:19131646, PubMed:8617235, PubMed:9722579, PubMed:23093407, PubMed:23355470). Phosphorylates FHOD1 and acts synergistically with it to promote SRC-dependent non-apoptotic plasma membrane blebbing (PubMed:18694941). Phosphorylates JIP3 and regulates the recruitment of JNK to JIP3 upon UVB-induced stress (PubMed:19036714). Acts as a suppressor of inflammatory cell migration by regulating PTEN phosphorylation and stability (By similarity). Acts as a negative regulator of VEGF-induced angiogenic endothelial cell activation (PubMed:19181962). Required for centrosome positioning and centrosome-dependent exit from mitosis (By similarity). Plays a role in terminal erythroid differentiation (PubMed:21072057). Inhibits podocyte motility via regulation of actin cytoskeletal dynamics and phosphorylation of CFL1 (By similarity). Promotes keratinocyte terminal differentiation (PubMed:19997641). Involved in osteoblast compaction through the fibronectin fibrillogenesis cell-mediated matrix assembly process, essential for osteoblast mineralization (By similarity). May regulate closure of the eyelids and ventral body wall by inducing the assembly of actomyosin bundles (By similarity).
Rho-kinases (aka Rho-associated coiled-coil kinases or ROCKs) are serine/threonine kinases activated by RhoA GTPases. They are modulators of processes involving cytoskeletal rearrangement such as focal adhesion formation, cell motility and tumor cell invasion.