Aliases for RNF2 Gene
External Ids for RNF2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RNF2 Gene
Polycomb group (PcG) of proteins form the multiprotein complexes that are important for the transcription repression of various genes involved in development and cell proliferation. The protein encoded by this gene is one of the PcG proteins. It has been shown to interact with, and suppress the activity of, transcription factor CP2 (TFCP2/CP2). Studies of the mouse counterpart suggested the involvement of this gene in the specification of anterior-posterior axis, as well as in cell proliferation in early development. This protein was also found to interact with huntingtin interacting protein 2 (HIP2), an ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, and possess ubiquitin ligase activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for RNF2 Gene
RNF2 (Ring Finger Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RNF2 include Angelman Syndrome and Microphthalmia, Syndromic 2. Among its related pathways are SUMOylation and Cellular Senescence (REACTOME). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and ubiquitin-protein transferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is RING1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RNF2 Gene
E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that mediates monoubiquitination of 'Lys-119' of histone H2A (H2AK119Ub), thereby playing a central role in histone code and gene regulation (PubMed:15386022, PubMed:16359901, PubMed:25519132, PubMed:21772249, PubMed:25355358, PubMed:26151332). H2AK119Ub gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression and participates in X chromosome inactivation of female mammals. May be involved in the initiation of both imprinted and random X inactivation (By similarity). Essential component of a Polycomb group (PcG) multiprotein PRC1-like complex, a complex class required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of many genes, including Hox genes, throughout development (PubMed:16359901, PubMed:26151332). PcG PRC1 complex acts via chromatin remodeling and modification of histones, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility (PubMed:26151332). E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity is enhanced by BMI1/PCGF4 (PubMed:21772249). Acts as the main E3 ubiquitin ligase on histone H2A of the PRC1 complex, while RING1 may rather act as a modulator of RNF2/RING2 activity (Probable). Association with the chromosomal DNA is cell-cycle dependent. In resting B- and T-lymphocytes, interaction with AURKB leads to block its activity, thereby maintaining transcription in resting lymphocytes (By similarity).