Aliases for RNF138 Gene
External Ids for RNF138 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RNF138 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene contains a RING finger, a motif present in a variety of functionally distinct proteins and known to be involved in protein-DNA and protein-protein interactions. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for RNF138 Gene
RNF138 (Ring Finger Protein 138) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RNF138 include Episodic Ataxia, Type 2 and Episodic Ataxia. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is RNF166.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RNF138 Gene
E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase involved in DNA damage response by promoting DNA resection and homologous recombination (PubMed:26502055, PubMed:26502057). Recruited to sites of double-strand breaks following DNA damage and specifically promotes double-strand break repair via homologous recombination (PubMed:26502055, PubMed:26502057). Two different, non-exclusive, mechanisms have been proposed. According to a report, regulates the choice of double-strand break repair by favoring homologous recombination over non-homologous end joining (NHEJ): acts by mediating ubiquitination of XRCC5/Ku80, leading to remove the Ku complex from DNA breaks, thereby promoting homologous recombination (PubMed:26502055). According to another report, cooperates with UBE2Ds E2 ubiquitin ligases (UBE2D1, UBE2D2, UBE2D3 or UBE2D4) to promote homologous recombination by mediating ubiquitination of RBBP8/CtIP (PubMed:26502057). Together with NLK, involved in the ubiquitination and degradation of TCF/LEF (PubMed:16714285). Also exhibits auto-ubiquitination activity in combination with UBE2K (PubMed:16714285). May act as a negative regulator in the Wnt/beta-catenin-mediated signaling pathway (PubMed:16714285).