Aliases for RIF1 Gene
External Ids for RIF1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RIF1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that shares homology with the yeast teleomere binding protein, Rap1 interacting factor 1. This protein localizes to aberrant telomeres may be involved in DNA repair. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2010]
GeneCards Summary for RIF1 Gene
RIF1 (Replication Timing Regulatory Factor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RIF1 include Nemaline Myopathy 2 and Candida Glabrata. Among its related pathways are DNA Double-Strand Break Repair and Transcriptional Regulatory Network in Embryonic Stem Cell. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RIF1 Gene
Key regulator of TP53BP1 that plays a key role in the repair of double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) in response to DNA damage: acts by promoting non-homologous end joining (NHEJ)-mediated repair of DSBs (PubMed:15342490, PubMed:28241136). In response to DNA damage, interacts with ATM-phosphorylated TP53BP1 (PubMed:23333306, PubMed:28241136). Interaction with TP53BP1 leads to dissociate the interaction between NUDT16L1/TIRR and TP53BP1, thereby unmasking the tandem Tudor-like domain of TP53BP1 and allowing recruitment to DNA DSBs (PubMed:28241136). Once recruited to DSBs, RIF1 and TP53BP1 act by promoting NHEJ-mediated repair of DSBs (PubMed:23333306). In the same time, RIF1 and TP53BP1 specifically counteract the function of BRCA1 by blocking DSBs resection via homologous recombination (HR) during G1 phase (PubMed:23333306). Also required for immunoglobulin class-switch recombination (CSR) during antibody genesis, a process that involves the generation of DNA DSBs (By similarity). Promotes NHEJ of dysfunctional telomeres (By similarity).