Aliases for RHO Gene
External Ids for RHO Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for RHO Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RHO Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is found in rod cells in the back of the eye and is essential for vision in low-light conditions. The encoded protein binds to 11-cis retinal and is activated when light hits the retinal molecule. Defects in this gene are a cause of congenital stationary night blindness. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
GeneCards Summary for RHO Gene
RHO (Rhodopsin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RHO include Retinitis Pigmentosa 4 and Night Blindness, Congenital Stationary, Autosomal Dominant 1. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Phototransduction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and photoreceptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is OPN1MW3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RHO Gene
Photoreceptor required for image-forming vision at low light intensity (PubMed:8107847, PubMed:7846071). Required for photoreceptor cell viability after birth (PubMed:2215617, PubMed:12566452). Light-induced isomerization of the chromophore 11-cis-retinal to all-trans-retinal triggers a conformational change that activates signaling via G-proteins (PubMed:8107847, PubMed:28524165, PubMed:26200343, PubMed:28753425). Subsequent receptor phosphorylation mediates displacement of the bound G-protein alpha subunit by the arrestin SAG and terminates signaling (PubMed:28524165, PubMed:26200343).