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Aliases for RHCE Gene

Aliases for RHCE Gene

  • Rh Blood Group CcEe Antigens 2 3 5
  • Rhesus C/E Antigens 3 4
  • Rh Polypeptide 1 3 4
  • RH30A 3 4
  • RHIXB 3 4
  • RHPI 3 4
  • Rhe 3 4
  • RHC 3 4
  • RHCE Blood Group Variant Crawford Antigen Rh43 3
  • (C)Ces Type 1 Rhesus Blood Group D Antigen 3
  • Rhesus Blood Group Antigen, RhC Antigen 3
  • Silenced Rh Blood Group CcEe Antigen 3
  • Rhesus Blood Group Little E Antigen 3
  • Rhesus System C And E Polypeptides 3
  • Rhesus Blood Group, CcEe Antigens 2
  • Rhesus Blood Group Rhce Antigen 3
  • Blood Group Rh(CE) Polypeptide 3
  • Rhesus Blood Group CE Protein 3
  • Rh Blood Group Antigen Evans 3
  • Rhesus Blood Group E Antigen 3
  • Blood Group RhCE Polypeptide 3
  • Rh Blood Group CcEe Antigen 3
  • Blood Group RhCcEe Antigen 3
  • Rh Blood Group CE Antigen 3
  • RhCE Blood Group Antigens 3
  • Rh Blood Group C Antigen 3
  • Truncated RhCcEe Antigen 3
  • Rh Blood Group Protein 3
  • Truncated RhD Antigen 3
  • Rh Polypeptide I 3
  • CD240CE Antigen 4
  • Truncated RHCE 3
  • RHCe(152N) 3
  • RhIVb(J) 3
  • CD240CE 3
  • RhVIII 3
  • RhVI 3
  • Rh4 3
  • RH 3

External Ids for RHCE Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for RHCE Gene

  • RH

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RHCE Gene

  • GC01M025155
  • GC01M024671
  • GC01M024597
  • GC01M024969
  • GC01M025561
  • GC01M025688
  • GC01M023942

Summaries for RHCE Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RHCE Gene

  • The Rh blood group system is the second most clinically significant of the blood groups, second only to ABO. It is also the most polymorphic of the blood groups, with variations due to deletions, gene conversions, and missense mutations. The Rh blood group includes this gene which encodes both the RhC and RhE antigens on a single polypeptide and a second gene which encodes the RhD protein. The classification of Rh-positive and Rh-negative individuals is determined by the presence or absence of the highly immunogenic RhD protein on the surface of erythrocytes. A mutation in this gene results in amorph-type Rh-null disease. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding several different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]

GeneCards Summary for RHCE Gene

RHCE (Rh Blood Group CcEe Antigens) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RHCE include Blood Group--Rhesus System E Polypeptide and Rh-Null, Regulator Type. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ammonium transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is RHD.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHCE Gene

  • May be part of an oligomeric complex which is likely to have a transport or channel function in the erythrocyte membrane.

Gene Wiki entry for RHCE Gene

Additional gene information for RHCE Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RHCE Gene

Genomics for RHCE Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for RHCE Gene

Promoters and enhancers for RHCE Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01I025428 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 599.5 -0.4 -422 3.6 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 POLR2B RHCE MACO1 SYF2 SRRM1 RHD
GH01I025420 Promoter/Enhancer 1.2 EPDnew dbSUPER 550.4 +9.3 9347 0.1 HDAC1 MEIS2 LEF1 TAL1 E4F1 E2F1 TCF12 NCOR1 SCRT2 CBFA2T2 RHCE GC01P025398
GH01I025336 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 43.3 +92.1 92091 3.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CLOCK SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B RSRP1 ENSG00000259984 PIR37033 TMEM50A RHCE RUNX3 MTFR1L
GH01I025360 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 52 +68.4 68448 2.5 HDGF CHAMP1 FOS CAVIN1 ZBTB2 CEBPB USF2 ZNF592 PRDM6 SMARCA4 RHCE ENSG00000261349 GC01P025345 PIR39713 TMEM50A SDHDP7
GH01I025434 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 49.7 -5.2 -5238 2.4 FOXA2 MAX MZF1 CEBPG BATF RELA ZNF664 ZNF766 ZNF600 IKZF2 RHCE ENSG00000261349 MACO1 GC01M025438
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around RHCE on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the RHCE gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for RHCE Gene

Genomic Locations for RHCE Gene
69,534 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for RHCE Gene

Genes around RHCE on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RHCE Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RHCE Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RHCE Gene

Proteins for RHCE Gene

  • Protein details for RHCE Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Blood group Rh(CE) polypeptide
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A7DW68
    • B7UDF3
    • B7UDF4
    • B7UDF5
    • B7UDF6
    • B7UDF7
    • B7UDF8
    • B7UDF9
    • B7UDG0
    • B7UDG1
    • B7UDG2
    • B7UDG3
    • Q02163
    • Q02164
    • Q02165
    • Q16160
    • Q2MJW0
    • Q2VC86
    • Q3LTM6
    • Q6AZX5
    • Q6J2U3
    • Q7RU06
    • Q8IZT2
    • Q8IZT3
    • Q8IZT4
    • Q8IZT5
    • Q9UD13
    • Q9UD14
    • Q9UD15
    • Q9UD16
    • Q9UD73
    • Q9UD74
    • Q9UEC2
    • Q9UEC3
    • Q9UPN0

    Protein attributes for RHCE Gene

    417 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    45560 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for RHCE Gene

neXtProt entry for RHCE Gene

Post-translational modifications for RHCE Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RHCE Gene

Domains & Families for RHCE Gene

Gene Families for RHCE Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Blood group antigen proteins
  • CD markers
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins
  • Transporters

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ammonium transporter (TC 2.A.49) family. Rh subfamily.
  • Belongs to the ammonium transporter (TC 2.A.49) family. Rh subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RHCE: view

Function for RHCE Gene

Molecular function for RHCE Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
Rhesus blood group,locus CE,RH30 glycoprotein
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be part of an oligomeric complex which is likely to have a transport or channel function in the erythrocyte membrane.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for RHCE Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RHCE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008519 ammonium transmembrane transporter activity IEA,IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHCE: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RHCE: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RHCE Gene

Localization for RHCE Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHCE Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RHCE gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
nucleus 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RHCE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 1438298
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHCE: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for RHCE Gene

Pathways & Interactions for RHCE Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for RHCE Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RHCE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015695 organic cation transport IBA --
GO:0015696 ammonium transport IEA --
GO:0072488 ammonium transmembrane transport IBA,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RHCE: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for RHCE Gene

Drugs & Compounds for RHCE Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for RHCE Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RHCE: view

Transcripts for RHCE Gene

Unigene Clusters for RHCE Gene

Rh blood group, CcEe antigens:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RHCE Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - - - -

Relevant External Links for RHCE Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for RHCE Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RHCE Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for RHCE Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x9.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RHCE Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Blymphocyte (38.6), Neutrophil (17.5), and Urine (13.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for RHCE Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for RHCE Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RHCE Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RHCE Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RHCE Gene:

Tissue specificity: Restricted to tissues or cell lines expressing erythroid characters. Isoform 4g and isoform RhPI-Alpha are expressed in immature erythroblasts but not in mature erythroblasts.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for RHCE Gene

  • Blood(4.7)
  • Bone marrow(4.4)
  • Nervous system(4.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RHCE Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
Head and neck:
  • ear
  • eye
  • head
  • mouth
  • liver
  • blood
  • red blood cell
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RHCE: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for RHCE Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for RHCE Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC456645 33
  • 96.24 (n)
-- 34
  • 93 (a)
-- 34
  • 89 (a)
-- 34
  • 87 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RHCE 33
  • 77.06 (n)
RH30 34
  • 61 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC282685 33
  • 73.7 (n)
-- 34
  • 58 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rhd 33 34
  • 71.43 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rhd 33
  • 70.7 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 57 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 50 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RHD 33 34
  • 57 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 41 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rhd 33
  • 51.07 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rhd 34
  • 34 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Rh50 34
  • 26 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rhr-1 34
  • 25 (a)
rhr-2 34
  • 25 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7075 34
  • 29 (a)
-- 34
  • 28 (a)
CSA.7848 34
  • 28 (a)
Species where no ortholog for RHCE was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RHCE Gene

Gene Tree for RHCE (if available)
Gene Tree for RHCE (if available)

Paralogs for RHCE Gene

Paralogs for RHCE Gene Pseudogenes for RHCE Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RHCE: view

Variants for RHCE Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RHCE Gene

RhCE and RhD are responsible for the RH blood group system. The molecular basis of the E=Rh3/e=Rh5 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 226; Pro-226 corresponds to Rh3 and Ala-226 to Rh5. The molecular basis of the C=Rh2/c=Rh4 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 102; Ser-103 corresponds to Rh2 and Pro-103 to Rh4.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RHCE Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1053344 benign, RH C/c POLYMORPHISM 25,408,815(-) T/C coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs181860403 benign, not-provided, RH C/c POLYMORPHISM, not provided 25,408,840(-) G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs586178 benign, RH C/c POLYMORPHISM 25,420,739(-) G/A/C/T 5_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant, stop_gained, synonymous_variant
rs609320 benign, RH E/e POLYMORPHISM 25,390,874(-) C/G coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs676785 benign, not-provided, RH C/c POLYMORPHISM, not provided 25,408,711(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RHCE Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv132n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv211n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv212n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv213n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv2762137 CNV gain 21179565
esv2762632 CNV gain+loss 21179565
esv28510 CNV gain+loss 19812545
esv3585525 CNV gain 21293372
esv3585526 CNV loss 21293372
esv3585527 CNV gain 21293372
esv3585528 CNV loss 21293372
esv3585529 CNV gain 21293372
esv996331 CNV gain 20482838
nsv1009831 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1077270 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1143443 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv479344 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480324 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481117 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv482037 CNV gain 20164927
nsv499798 OTHER inversion 21111241
nsv545843 CNV loss 21841781
nsv545881 CNV loss 21841781
nsv7174 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv7479 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv834469 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv834480 CNV gain 17160897
nsv945834 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv945835 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv945837 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv9768 CNV gain+loss 18304495

Variation tolerance for RHCE Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 92.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.64; 86.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for RHCE Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database (BGMUT)
Blood Group System
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

Disorders for RHCE Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(13) MalaCards diseases for RHCE Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, GTR, Orphanet, and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
blood group--rhesus system e polypeptide
  • rhe
rh-null, regulator type
  • rhn
fetal erythroblastosis
  • ef - erythroblastosis foetalis
rh isoimmunization
  • rh incompatibility affecting management of mother
blood group incompatibility
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search RHCE in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for RHCE

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RHCE: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RHCE Gene

Publications for RHCE Gene

  1. E variants found in Japanese and c antigenicity alteration without substitution in the second extracellular loop. (PMID: 11724987) Kashiwase K … Juji T (Transfusion 2001) 3 4 22 58
  2. Organization of the gene (RHCE) encoding the human blood group RhCcEe antigens and characterization of the promoter region. (PMID: 8188244) Chérif-Zahar B … Colin Y (Genomics 1994) 3 4 22 58
  3. Molecular genetic basis of the human Rhesus blood group system. (PMID: 8220426) Mouro I … Le Van Kim C (Nature genetics 1993) 2 3 4 58
  4. cDNA cloning of a 30 kDa erythrocyte membrane protein associated with Rh (Rhesus)-blood-group-antigen expression. (PMID: 2123099) Avent ND … Anstee DJ (The Biochemical journal 1990) 3 4 22 58
  5. Variation at the NFATC2 locus increases the risk of thiazolidinedione-induced edema in the Diabetes REduction Assessment with ramipril and rosiglitazone Medication (DREAM) study. (PMID: 20628086) Bailey SD … DREAM investigators (Diabetes care 2010) 3 44 58

Products for RHCE Gene

Sources for RHCE Gene

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