Aliases for RGMA Gene
External Ids for RGMA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RGMA Gene
This gene encodes a member of the repulsive guidance molecule family. The encoded protein is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoprotein that functions as an axon guidance protein in the developing and adult central nervous system. This protein may also function as a tumor suppressor in some cancers. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for RGMA Gene
RGMA (Repulsive Guidance Molecule BMP Co-Receptor A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RGMA include Hemochromatosis Type 2 and Amusia. Among its related pathways are Netrin-1 signaling and Signaling by BMP. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include coreceptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is RGMB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RGMA Gene
Member of the repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family that performs several functions in the developing and adult nervous system. Regulates cephalic neural tube closure, inhibits neurite outgrowth and cortical neuron branching, and the formation of mature synapses. Binding to its receptor NEO1/neogenin induces activation of RHOA-ROCK1/Rho-kinase signaling pathway through UNC5B-ARHGEF12/LARG-PTK2/FAK1 cascade, leading to collapse of the neuronal growth cone and neurite outgrowth inhibition. Furthermore, RGMA binding to NEO1/neogenin leads to HRAS inactivation by influencing HRAS-PTK2/FAK1-AKT1 pathway. It also functions as a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) coreceptor that may signal through SMAD1, SMAD5, and SMAD8.