Aliases for REG3G Gene
External Ids for REG3G Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for REG3G Gene
This gene encodes a member of the regenerating islet-derived genes (REG)3 protein family. These proteins are secreted, C-type lectins with a carbohydrate recognition domain and N-terminal signal peptide. The protein encoded by this gene is an antimicrobial lectin with activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]
GeneCards Summary for REG3G Gene
REG3G (Regenerating Family Member 3 Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with REG3G include Pancreatitis and Chemical Colitis. Among its related pathways are Defensins and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is REG3A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for REG3G Gene
Bactericidal C-type lectin which acts exclusively against Gram-positive bacteria and mediates bacterial killing by binding to surface-exposed carbohydrate moieties of peptidoglycan. Restricts bacterial colonization of the intestinal epithelial surface and consequently limits activation of adaptive immune responses by the microbiota. The uncleaved form has bacteriostatic activity, whereas the cleaved form has bactericidal activity against L.monocytogenes and methicillin-resistant S.aureus. Regulates keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation after skin injury.