Aliases for RDH5 Gene
External Ids for RDH5 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for RDH5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RDH5 Gene
This gene encodes an enzyme belonging to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family. This retinol dehydrogenase functions to catalyze the final step in the biosynthesis of 11-cis retinaldehyde, which is the universal chromophore of visual pigments. Mutations in this gene cause autosomal recessive fundus albipunctatus, a rare form of night blindness that is characterized by a delay in the regeneration of cone and rod photopigments. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the neighboring upstream BLOC1S1 (biogenesis of lysosomal organelles complex-1, subunit 1) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]
GeneCards Summary for RDH5 Gene
RDH5 (Retinol Dehydrogenase 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RDH5 include Fundus Albipunctatus and Night Blindness. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and the visual cycle I (vertebrates). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and retinol dehydrogenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is RDH16.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RDH5 Gene
Catalyzes the oxidation of cis-isomers of retinol, including 11-cis-, 9-cis-, and 13-cis-retinol in an NAD-dependent manner (PubMed:11675386, PubMed:10588954, PubMed:9931293, PubMed:9115228). Has no activity towards all-trans retinal (By similarity). Plays a significant role in 11-cis retinol oxidation in the retinal pigment epithelium cells (RPE). Also recognizes steroids (androsterone, androstanediol) as its substrates (PubMed:9931293, PubMed:29541409).