Aliases for RCC2 Gene
External Ids for RCC2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RCC2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a guanine exchange factor that is active on RalA, a small GTPase. The encoded protein and RalA are both essential for proper kinetochore-microtubule function in early mitosis. This protein has been shown to be a biomarker for colorectal cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2016]
GeneCards Summary for RCC2 Gene
RCC2 (Regulator Of Chromosome Condensation 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RCC2 include Spermatogenic Failure 5 and Renal Cell Carcinoma, Nonpapillary. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Mitotic Prometaphase. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is HERC1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for RCC2 Gene
Multifunctional protein that may effect its functions by regulating the activity of small GTPases, such as RAC1 and RALA (PubMed:12919680, PubMed:25074804, PubMed:26158537, PubMed:28869598). Required for normal progress through the cell cycle, both during interphase and during mitosis (PubMed:23388455, PubMed:12919680, PubMed:26158537). Required for the presence of normal levels of MAD2L1, AURKB and BIRC5 on inner centromeres during mitosis, and for normal attachment of kinetochores to mitotic spindles (PubMed:12919680, PubMed:26158537). Required for normal organization of the microtubule cytoskeleton in interphase cells (PubMed:23388455). Functions as guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RALA (PubMed:26158537). Interferes with the activation of RAC1 by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (PubMed:25074804). Prevents accumulation of active, GTP-bound RAC1, and suppresses RAC1-mediated reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and formation of membrane protrusions (PubMed:25074804, PubMed:28869598). Required for normal cellular responses to contacts with the extracellular matrix of adjacent cells, and for directional cell migration in response to a fibronectin gradient (in vitro) (PubMed:25074804, PubMed:28869598).