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Aliases for RARS Gene

Aliases for RARS Gene

  • Arginyl-TRNA Synthetase 2 3 4 5
  • Arginine TRNA Ligase 1, Cytoplasmic 2 3
  • ArgRS 3 4
  • Arginyl-TRNA Synthetase, Cytoplasmic 3
  • Arginine--TRNA Ligase, Cytoplasmic 3
  • EC 6.1.1.19 4
  • DALRD1 3
  • HLD9 3

External Ids for RARS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RARS Gene

  • GC05P168085
  • GC05P168554
  • GC05P167849
  • GC05P167894
  • GC05P167846
  • GC05P163012
  • GC05P167913

Summaries for RARS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RARS Gene

  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases catalyze the aminoacylation of tRNA by their cognate amino acid. Because of their central role in linking amino acids with nucleotide triplets contained in tRNAs, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are thought to be among the first proteins that appeared in evolution. Arginyl-tRNA synthetase belongs to the class-I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for RARS Gene

RARS (Arginyl-TRNA Synthetase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RARS include Leukodystrophy, Hypomyelinating, 9 and Embryonal Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are tRNA Aminoacylation and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is RARS2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RARS Gene

  • Forms part of a macromolecular complex that catalyzes the attachment of specific amino acids to cognate tRNAs during protein synthesis (PubMed:25288775). Modulates the secretion of AIMP1 and may be involved in generation of the inflammatory cytokine EMAP2 from AIMP1 (PubMed:17443684).

Gene Wiki entry for RARS Gene

Additional gene information for RARS Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RARS Gene

Genomics for RARS Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for RARS Gene

Promoters and enhancers for RARS Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH05J168485 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 661.4 +0.5 489 2.2 PKNOX1 SMAD1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 RARS ENSG00000254192 FBLL1 PANK3
GH05J168577 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 28 +92.7 92727 4 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B IRF4 PANK3 FBLL1 RARS ENSG00000254192 GC05M168564
GH05J168793 Enhancer 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 19.7 +307.8 307761 1.6 ATF1 GLI4 GLIS2 ATF7 KLF13 SP3 REST TSHZ1 ZNF518A NFIL3 ENSG00000254192 RARS PANK3 MIR218-2 ENSG00000202345 LOC105377713 SLIT3
GH05J168268 Enhancer 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.6 -216.4 -216358 2.3 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZNF48 TCF12 ZNF213 ARID2 ZNF143 RUNX3 RARS WWC1 CTB-178M22.2
GH05J168529 Promoter 1 Ensembl 11.1 +43.1 43056 0.6 MXI1 CEBPG ZNF335 ZFHX2 ZBTB48 POLR2A EZH2 ZBTB20 EGR2 L3MBTL2 FBLL1 RARS PANK3 LOC101927969 SLIT3 SLC2A3P1 GC05M168548
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around RARS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the RARS gene promoter:
  • AP-1
  • c-Jun
  • ATF-2
  • HFH-1
  • Zic3
  • SRY
  • POU2F1
  • POU2F1b
  • POU2F1c

Genomic Locations for RARS Gene

Genomic Locations for RARS Gene
chr5:168,486,445-168,519,306
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
32,862 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr5:167,913,450-167,946,311
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
32,862 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for RARS Gene

Genes around RARS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RARS Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RARS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RARS Gene

Proteins for RARS Gene

  • Protein details for RARS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P54136-SYRC_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Arginine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmic
    Protein Accession:
    P54136
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RBS9
    • Q53GY4
    • Q9BWA1

    Protein attributes for RARS Gene

    Size:
    660 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    75379 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts (via N-terminus) with AIMP1 (via N-terminus); this stimulates its catalytic activity (PubMed:10358004, PubMed:25288775). Interacts (via N-terminus) with LARS2 (via C-terminus) (PubMed:16055448, PubMed:17443684). Monomer (PubMed:24859084). Part of a multisubunit complex that groups tRNA ligases for Arg (RARS), Asp (DARS), Gln (QARS), Ile (IARS), Leu (LARS), Lys (KARS), Met (MARS) the bifunctional ligase for Glu and Pro (EPRS) and the auxiliary subunits AIMP1/p43, AIMP2/p38 and EEF1E1/p18 (PubMed:19131329, PubMed:19289464). Interacts with QARS (PubMed:24656866). Part of a complex composed of RARS, QARS and AIMP1 (PubMed:25288775).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for RARS Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for RARS Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for RARS Gene

Post-translational modifications for RARS Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys557, posLast=393393, posLast=362362, and posLast=2020
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for RARS Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RARS Gene

Domains & Families for RARS Gene

Gene Families for RARS Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RARS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P54136

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

SYRC_HUMAN :
  • The alpha-helical N-terminus (residues 1-72) mediates interaction with AIMP1 and thereby contributes to the assembly of the multisynthetase complex.
  • Belongs to the class-I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family.
Domain:
  • The alpha-helical N-terminus (residues 1-72) mediates interaction with AIMP1 and thereby contributes to the assembly of the multisynthetase complex.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class-I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RARS: view

Function for RARS Gene

Molecular function for RARS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Forms part of a macromolecular complex that catalyzes the attachment of specific amino acids to cognate tRNAs during protein synthesis (PubMed:25288775). Modulates the secretion of AIMP1 and may be involved in generation of the inflammatory cytokine EMAP2 from AIMP1 (PubMed:17443684).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + L-arginine + tRNA(Arg) = AMP + diphosphate + L-arginyl-tRNA(Arg).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=3.9 uM for arginine (ATP-PPi exchange at 37 degrees Celsius) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16055448}; KM=3.5 uM for arginine (arginylation at 37 degrees Celsius) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16055448}; KM=1183 uM for ATP (ATP-PPi exchange at 37 Celsius) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16055448}; KM=910 uM for ATP (arginylation at 37 Celsius) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16055448}; KM=0.05 uM for calf liver tRNA-Arg (ATP-PPi exchange at 37 Celsius) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16055448}; KM=0.41 uM for calf liver tRNA-Arg (arginylation at 37 Celsius) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16055448};

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for RARS Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for RARS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RARS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000049 tRNA binding IEA --
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0004812 aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity IEA --
GO:0004814 arginine-tRNA ligase activity TAS,IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16055448
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RARS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RARS: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for RARS Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for RARS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for RARS:
  • Rars Rars<tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi>

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RARS Gene

Localization for RARS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RARS Gene

Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytosol.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RARS gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 3
cytoskeleton 2
peroxisome 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (4)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RARS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 10791971
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 10791971
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RARS: view

Pathways & Interactions for RARS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RARS: view

Pathways by source for RARS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RARS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA --
GO:0006418 tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation TAS --
GO:0006420 arginyl-tRNA aminoacylation IDA,IEA 25288775
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RARS: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for RARS Gene

Drugs & Compounds for RARS Gene

(35) Drugs for RARS Gene - From: PharmGKB, ClinicalTrials, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cisplatin Approved Pharma Inhibits DNA synthesis,chemotherapy drug, Platinum, Potent pro-apoptotic anticancer agent; activates caspase-3 2906
Deferasirox Approved, Investigational Pharma Oral iron chelator 93
Iron Approved Pharma 1259
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved, Investigational Nutra 0

(21) Additional Compounds for RARS Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
pyrophosphate
  • [(ho)2P(O)OP(O)(OH)2]
  • Acide diphosphorique
  • Diphosphorsaeure
  • H4P2O7
  • PYROphosphATE
14000-31-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RARS: view

Transcripts for RARS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for RARS Gene

Unigene Clusters for RARS Gene

Arginyl-tRNA synthetase:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RARS Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - -
SP7:

Relevant External Links for RARS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
RARS
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
RARS

Expression for RARS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RARS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RARS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (7.0), Lymph node (6.9), and Bone (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for RARS Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for RARS Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RARS Gene:

RARS

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RARS Gene:

Hs.654907

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for RARS Gene

  • Liver(4.7)
  • Nervous system(4.7)
  • Blood(4.6)
  • Muscle(4.5)
  • Skin(4)
  • Kidney(3.6)
  • Lung(3.1)
  • Bone marrow(2.9)
  • Heart(2.8)
  • Thyroid gland(2.7)
  • Eye(2.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RARS Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • eye
  • head
  • skull
General:
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RARS: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for RARS Gene

Orthologs for RARS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for RARS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RARS 34 33
  • 99.65 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RARS 34 33
  • 91.82 (n)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 91 (a)
OneToMany
-- 34
  • 87 (a)
OneToMany
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RARS 34 33
  • 90.4 (n)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RARS 34
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rars 16 34 33
  • 86.97 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rars 33
  • 86.52 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RARS 34 33
  • 77.37 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RARS 34
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rars 33
  • 73.38 (n)
MGC76310 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.6139 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rars 34 33
  • 70.33 (n)
OneToOne
wufa96g09 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.401 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9020 35
  • 58 (a)
Aats-arg 34 33
  • 57 (n)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004708 33
  • 57.05 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea rars-1 34 33
  • 58.16 (n)
OneToOne
rrt-1 35
  • 49 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes -- 34
  • 26 (a)
ManyToMany
MSR1 34
  • 23 (a)
ManyToMany
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons emb1027 33
  • 53.6 (n)
soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.10893 33
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os05g0163000 33
  • 53.77 (n)
Os.6153 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
Cin.11500 33
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.11500 33
Species where no ortholog for RARS was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RARS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for RARS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for RARS (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for RARS: view image

Paralogs for RARS Gene

Paralogs for RARS Gene

(40) SIMAP similar genes for RARS Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

  • SYRC_HUMAN
  • E5RH09_HUMAN
  • E5RI24_HUMAN
  • E5RJM9_HUMAN
  • F5H3T8_HUMAN

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for RARS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RARS: view

Variants for RARS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RARS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1064792894 pathogenic, Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9 168,518,035(+) TA/ coding_sequence_variant, frameshift
rs139644798 pathogenic, Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9 168,510,601(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs2305725 benign, likely-benign, not specified 168,486,454(+) C/A/G/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs369398935 pathogenic, Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9, Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9 (HLD9) [MIM:616140] 168,516,860(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs672601372 pathogenic, Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9, Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9 (HLD9) [MIM:616140] 168,486,503(+) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RARS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv516697 CNV loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for RARS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 76.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.83; 47.91% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for RARS Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
RARS
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
RARS

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RARS Gene

Disorders for RARS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for RARS Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9
  • hld9
embryonal carcinoma
  • primary extragonadal embryonal carcinoma
pelizaeus-merzbacher disease
  • pmd
acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • apl
hypervitaminosis a
  • hypervitaminosis a, susceptibility to
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search RARS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

SYRC_HUMAN
  • Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 9 (HLD9) [MIM:616140]: An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by delayed psychomotor development, severe spasticity, nystagmus, and ataxia associated with diffuse hypomyelination apparent on brain MRI. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24777941}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for RARS

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RARS: view

No data available for Genatlas for RARS Gene

Publications for RARS Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding a human arginyl-tRNA synthetase. (PMID: 7590355) Girjes AA … Lavin MF (Gene 1995) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. The C-terminal appended domain of human cytosolic leucyl-tRNA synthetase is indispensable in its interaction with arginyl-tRNA synthetase in the multi-tRNA synthetase complex. (PMID: 16055448) Ling C … Wang ED (The Journal of biological chemistry 2005) 3 4 22 58
  3. Mutations in QARS, encoding glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, cause progressive microcephaly, cerebral-cerebellar atrophy, and intractable seizures. (PMID: 24656866) Zhang X … Nabbout R (American journal of human genetics 2014) 3 4 58
  4. Mutations in RARS cause hypomyelination. (PMID: 24777941) Wolf NI … Waisfisz Q (Annals of neurology 2014) 3 4 58
  5. The crystal structure of arginyl-tRNA synthetase from Homo sapiens. (PMID: 24859084) Kim HS … Hwang KY (FEBS letters 2014) 3 4 58

Products for RARS Gene

Sources for RARS Gene

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