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Aliases for RALA Gene

Aliases for RALA Gene

  • RAS Like Proto-Oncogene A 2 3 5
  • V-Ral Simian Leukemia Viral Oncogene Homolog A (Ras Related) 2 3
  • Ras Family Small GTP Binding Protein RALA 2 3
  • Ras Related GTP Binding Protein A 2 3
  • Ras-Related Protein Ral-A 2 3
  • RAS-Like Protein A 2 3
  • RAL 3 4
  • RALA Ras Like Proto-Oncogene A 3

External Ids for RALA Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for RALA Gene

  • RAL

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RALA Gene

  • GC07P039372
  • GC07P039403
  • GC07P039436
  • GC07P039630
  • GC07P039547

Summaries for RALA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for RALA Gene

  • The product of this gene belongs to the small GTPase superfamily, Ras family of proteins. GTP-binding proteins mediate the transmembrane signaling initiated by the occupancy of certain cell surface receptors. This gene encodes a low molecular mass ras-like GTP-binding protein that shares about 50% similarity with other ras proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for RALA Gene

RALA (RAS Like Proto-Oncogene A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with RALA include Pancreatic Cancer. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Actin Nucleation by ARP-WASP Complex. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and ubiquitin protein ligase binding. An important paralog of this gene is RALB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RALA Gene

  • Multifunctional GTPase involved in a variety of cellular processes including gene expression, cell migration, cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation and membrane trafficking. Accomplishes its multiple functions by interacting with distinct downstream effectors. Acts as a GTP sensor for GTP-dependent exocytosis of dense core vesicles. The RALA-exocyst complex regulates integrin-dependent membrane raft exocytosis and growth signaling (PubMed:20005108). Key regulator of LPAR1 signaling and competes with GRK2 for binding to LPAR1 thus affecting the signaling properties of the receptor. Required for anchorage-independent proliferation of transformed cells (PubMed:19306925). During mitosis, supports the stabilization and elongation of the intracellular bridge between dividing cells. Cooperates with EXOC2 to recruit other components of the exocyst to the early midbody (PubMed:18756269).

Gene Wiki entry for RALA Gene

Additional gene information for RALA Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for RALA Gene

Genomics for RALA Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for RALA Gene

Promoters and enhancers for RALA Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07I039620 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 550.8 +0.8 767 6.8 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YBX1 YY1 POLR2B E2F8 RALA LINC00265 GC07M039668
GH07I039588 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 -33.2 -33155 3.3 PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT FEZF1 IRF4 ZNF766 ZNF207 FOS JUNB REST RALA LOC105375240 YAE1D1 LINC00265 GC07P039582 GC07P039609
GH07I039732 Promoter/Enhancer 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 13.9 +111.2 111241 3.8 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 ARNT SIN3A FEZF1 IRF4 E2F8 ZNF207 LINC00265 CDK13 CICP22 ENSG00000228554 RALA LOC105375240 YAE1D1 MPLKIP RNU6-719P
GH07I039565 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 10.9 -56.5 -56493 1.9 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B LOC105375240 YAE1D1 CDK13 MPLKIP RALA LINC00265 GC07M039569
GH07I039580 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.8 -42.4 -42354 0.8 CLOCK FOXA2 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ARID2 ZNF143 RUNX3 DEK RALA LINC00265 GC07P039582 YAE1D1 LOC100101126
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around RALA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the RALA gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for RALA Gene

Genomic Locations for RALA Gene
chr7:39,622,955-39,708,124
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
85,170 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr7:39,663,082-39,747,723
(GRCh37/hg19)

Genomic View for RALA Gene

Genes around RALA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
RALA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for RALA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for RALA Gene

Proteins for RALA Gene

  • Protein details for RALA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P11233-RALA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ras-related protein Ral-A
    Protein Accession:
    P11233
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D1W3

    Protein attributes for RALA Gene

    Size:
    206 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    23567 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts (via effector domain) with RALBP1 (PubMed:7673236). Interacts with EXOC2/Sec5 and EXOC8/Exo84; binding to EXOC2 and EXOC8 is mutually exclusive (PubMed:14525976, PubMed:18756269, PubMed:15920473). Interacts with Clostridium exoenzyme C3 (PubMed:16177825, PubMed:15809419). Interacts with RALGPS1 (PubMed:10747847). Interacts with LPAR1 and LPAR2. Interacts with GRK2 in response to LPAR1 activation. RALA and GRK2 binding to LPAR1 is mutually exclusive (PubMed:19306925). Interacts with CDC42 (By similarity).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for RALA Gene

neXtProt entry for RALA Gene

Post-translational modifications for RALA Gene

  • Prenylation is essential for membrane localization. The geranylgeranylated form and the farnesylated mutant do not undergo alternative prenylation in response to geranylgeranyltransferase I inhibitors (GGTIs) and farnesyltransferase I inhibitors (FTIs).
  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=159

Other Protein References for RALA Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for RALA Gene

Domains & Families for RALA Gene

Gene Families for RALA Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for RALA Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P11233

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

RALA_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Ras family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Ras family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with RALA: view

Function for RALA Gene

Molecular function for RALA Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
simian leukemia viral (v-ral) oncogene homolog A,Ras oncogene superfamily member
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Alternates between an inactive form bound to GDP and an active form bound to GTP. Activated by a guanine nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF) and inactivated by a GTPase-activating protein (GAP).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Multifunctional GTPase involved in a variety of cellular processes including gene expression, cell migration, cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation and membrane trafficking. Accomplishes its multiple functions by interacting with distinct downstream effectors. Acts as a GTP sensor for GTP-dependent exocytosis of dense core vesicles. The RALA-exocyst complex regulates integrin-dependent membrane raft exocytosis and growth signaling (PubMed:20005108). Key regulator of LPAR1 signaling and competes with GRK2 for binding to LPAR1 thus affecting the signaling properties of the receptor. Required for anchorage-independent proliferation of transformed cells (PubMed:19306925). During mitosis, supports the stabilization and elongation of the intracellular bridge between dividing cells. Cooperates with EXOC2 to recruit other components of the exocyst to the early midbody (PubMed:18756269).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Activated in an LPA-dependent manner by LPAR1 and in an LPA-independent manner by LPAR2.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for RALA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003924 GTPase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 7673236
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA,IDA 24056301
GO:0017022 myosin binding IPI 24056301
GO:0019003 GDP binding IDA 24056301
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RALA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with RALA: view

Animal Models for RALA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for RALA:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for RALA

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for RALA Gene

Localization for RALA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RALA Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Cleavage furrow. Midbody, Midbody ring. Note=Predominantly at the cell surface in the absence of LPA. In the presence of LPA, colocalizes with LPAR1 and LPAR2 in endocytic vesicles (PubMed:19306925). May colocalize with CNTRL/centriolin at the midbody ring (PubMed:16213214). However, localization at the midbody at late cytokinesis was not confirmed (PubMed:18756269). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16213214, ECO:0000269 PubMed:18756269, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19306925}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for RALA gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 5
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2
nucleus 2
endosome 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for RALA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA,IEA 17875936
GO:0005925 focal adhesion HDA,IDA 21423176
GO:0009986 cell surface IDA 19306925
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RALA: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for RALA Gene

Pathways & Interactions for RALA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with RALA: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for RALA Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for RALA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001843 neural tube closure IEA --
GO:0006887 exocytosis IEA --
GO:0006935 chemotaxis TAS 10848592
GO:0007049 cell cycle IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS,IEA 2550440
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with RALA: view

Drugs & Compounds for RALA Gene

(6) Drugs for RALA Gene - From: DrugBank and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine diphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0

(6) Additional Compounds for RALA Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with RALA: view

Transcripts for RALA Gene

Unigene Clusters for RALA Gene

V-ral simian leukemia viral oncogene homolog A (ras related):
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for RALA

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for RALA Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for RALA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
RALA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
RALA

Expression for RALA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for RALA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for RALA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (9.3), Brain (6.8), and Frontal cortex (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for RALA Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for RALA Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of RALA Gene:

RALA

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for RALA Gene:

Hs.6906

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for RALA Gene

  • Blood(4.6)
  • Lung(4.4)
  • Eye(4.2)
  • Nervous system(4.2)
  • Heart(2)
  • Kidney(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with RALA: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for RALA Gene

Orthologs for RALA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for RALA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia RALA 33 34
  • 99.68 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia RALA 33 34
  • 95.63 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rala 33
  • 93.53 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rala 33 16 34
  • 92.72 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia RALA 33 34
  • 91.91 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia RALA 34
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia RALA 34
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves RALA 33 34
  • 86.73 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia RALA 34
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia rala 33
  • 84.14 (n)
Str.15001 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.663 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ralab 34
  • 94 (a)
OneToMany
ralaa 33 34
  • 78.48 (n)
zgc64038 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Rala 35 33 34
  • 70.33 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012108 33
  • 67.7 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y53G8AR.3 35
  • 77 (a)
ral-1 33 34
  • 60.84 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10753 34
  • 66 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for RALA was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for RALA Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for RALA (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for RALA (if available)

Paralogs for RALA Gene

Paralogs for RALA Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for RALA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with RALA: view

Variants for RALA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for RALA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000004013 -- 39,708,231(+) C/T downstream_transcript_variant
rs1000061975 -- 39,660,407(+) T/C genic_downstream_transcript_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000139999 -- 39,639,501(+) A/G genic_downstream_transcript_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000177514 -- 39,699,382(+) C/G genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000196028 -- 39,623,913(+) G/T genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for RALA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv508451 CNV deletion 20534489

Variation tolerance for RALA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.17; 3.74% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for RALA Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
RALA

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RALA Gene

Disorders for RALA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for RALA Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pancreatic cancer
  • pancreatic carcinoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search RALA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for RALA

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with RALA: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for RALA Gene

Publications for RALA Gene

  1. Dual regulation of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA1) receptor signalling by Ral and GRK. (PMID: 19306925) Aziziyeh AI … Bhattacharya M (Cellular signalling 2009) 3 4 22 58
  2. Distinct roles of RalA and RalB in the progression of cytokinesis are supported by distinct RalGEFs. (PMID: 18756269) Cascone I … Camonis J (The EMBO journal 2008) 3 4 22 58
  3. Geranylgeranyltransferase I inhibitors target RalB to inhibit anchorage-dependent growth and induce apoptosis and RalA to inhibit anchorage-independent growth. (PMID: 17875936) Falsetti SC … Sebti SM (Molecular and cellular biology 2007) 3 4 22 58
  4. Ral GTPases regulate exocyst assembly through dual subunit interactions. (PMID: 14525976) Moskalenko S … White MA (The Journal of biological chemistry 2003) 3 4 22 58
  5. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58

Products for RALA Gene

Sources for RALA Gene

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