External Ids for RAB17 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for RAB17 Gene
The Rab subfamily of small GTPases plays an important role in the regulation of membrane trafficking. RAB17 is an epithelial cell-specific GTPase (Lutcke et al., 1993 [PubMed 8486736]).[supplied by OMIM, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for RAB17 Gene
RAB17 (RAB17, Member RAS Oncogene Family) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and RAB geranylgeranylation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and GDP binding. An important paralog of this gene is RAB5A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for RAB17 Gene
The small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different set of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion. That Rab is involved in transcytosis, the directed movement of endocytosed material through the cell and its exocytosis from the plasma membrane at the opposite side. Mainly observed in epithelial cells, transcytosis mediates for instance, the transcellular transport of immunoglobulins from the basolateral surface to the apical surface. Most probably controls membrane trafficking through apical recycling endosomes in a post-endocytic step of transcytosis. Required for melanosome transport and release from melanocytes, it also regulates dendrite and dendritic spine development (By similarity). May also play a role in cell migration.